oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Potential of "marginal waters" in the Orange-Senqu Basin

Volume 17, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



Scarcity of water in semi-arid and impoundment-restricted regions of the world has necessitated the development of strategies to optimise the use of available water resources. One of the most widely adopted measures is the augmentation of the water supply through the use of unconventional or "marginal" water sources. Marginal water has been defined as water that can be recycled, reused or reclaimed, including naturally occurring un-potable water, such as sea water, brackish water, saline and sodic water, un-potable groundwater, rainwater and fog harvesting.

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