oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Model application to O&M and water auditing by water services authorities

Volume 18, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



The development of water supply infrastructure is taking place on a very wide scale in South Africa. Large networks of bulk pipelines and reticulation networks are being constructed in many communities, some of which are being managed by district municipalities. One inevitable and important function that comes after the construction of these services is operations and maintenance (O&M). Water loss resulting mainly from poor operations and ill maintenance of the water supply systems cannot be overlooked.

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