oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Comparison of working stress design and limit state design for pile foundations : geotechnical engineering

Volume 19, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



Geotechnical design in South Africa has traditionally been carried out using working stress design (WSD) with global safety factors. Since neither resistance nor working load is known with absolute certainty, a safety factor is required to ensure that the incidence of failure is either tolerable or improbable.

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