oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Hydraulic modelling and field verification on the Withoogte to Besaansklip bulk water supply pipeline



A change in the steady state operating condition of a fluid system, unintentionally by means of the closure of a valve or unplanned pump operational change, or due to system failure, is communicated to the system by pressure waves propagating from the point of origin in the system at which the change in steady flow condition had been imposed.


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