It was the famous John F Kennedy who said that it is not the wealth of a nation that builds roads, but the roads that build the wealth of a nation. Engineering students, in their painful passion for essay-writing, have since then agonised over associations between government, infrastructure and the socio-economic development of a nation. It is well known that the great powers in history depended on their transportation infrastructure for economic development - Rome to manoeuvre its armies and commerce, and Britain (via its reliance on the ocean) to open cultural and foreign (albeit colonial) trade between what is now the commonwealth countries, and so on.
The location of calcrete deposits for use as road construction material is discussed. It is concluded that a knowledge of the fundamental factors controlling the formation and distribution of calcretes, together with the combined use of air photo interpretation, plant indicators and a certain rapid-probing device should be used in addition to the more usual techniques of auguring and pitting.
Martin was six years old when his parents immigrated to South Africa from the Netherlands in 1958. Even though it was 13 years after the end of the Second World War the countries of Europe were still struggling to rebuild their economies. In South Africa, the government was establishing the Sasol petrochemical plant and was launching a recruitment drive for skilled artisans, particularly from the Netherlands and Germany. "My father, who was a fitter and turner at Shell, decided to take up the opportunity. We came out with all our worldly possessions and settled in Sasolburg," recounts Martin. The three boys in the family were later complemented by two girls; Martin is the eldest.
The year 2011 was a difficult one for the Division due to the uncertainty regarding the name of the Division. The SAICE Executive Board very recently tasked Sam Amod, president of SAICE in 2006, to investigate the issue and to make a recommendation on the matter to the SAICE Council.
The engineering profession in the United Kingdom is regulated by the Engineering Council (EC) through 36 engineering institutions (Licensed Members) who are licensed to place suitably qualified members on the EC's Register of Engineers. The Register has three sections: Chartered Engineer, Incorporated Engineer and Engineering Technician. These titles are protected by the Engineering Council's Royal Charter and may only be used by registrants.