oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Tailings facility management design and practice : geotechnical engineering
South African mining companies are becoming increasingly involved in operations throughout the world, particularly in other parts of Africa, while international mining companies are extending their operations into South Africa. South African mining and construction companies have therefore become subject to international standards for the planning, design, construction, operation and closure of mine residue storage facilities. Often the standards imposed in jurisdictions such as Canada, Australia, the USA and European countries differ from those that have commonly been applied in South Africa. As regulators and the public worldwide pay increasing attention to sustainability, environmental, health and safety issues, the international standards themselves are becoming far more onerous on the owner, designer and operator of these facilities than has previously been the case.
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