oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Cost estimating for heavy industrial foundations
Early cost estimating for heavy industrial foundation structures such as for heavy steelwork plant is rather difficult. Inadequate estimating can cause considerable inconvenience to client, consultant and contractor alike. Estimating procedures readily available in many other fields of civil engineering whereby the overall cost of a structure, structural element or activity can be linked to an appropriate unit price are not available. Based on elementary principles and records of executed projects the results as presented have been compiled over a number of years as a practical estimating guide for heavy industrial foundation structures.
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