oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Evolution, environment and engineers : general interest

Volume 20, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



This article is a pilot to explore the issues and to seek as much comment, challenge and other input as possible to assist in developing a formal approach to the subject. It dates back to the 32nd PIANC Congress in Liverpool in May 2010 (Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses). The closing plenary session took the form of a debate on the PIANC environmental initiatives in harbours and in navigation. From the floor I pointed out that all the main fields of engineering are firmly rooted in proper scientific theories. An appropriate scientific basis would be Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by .

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