During 2011 the Institute of Municipal Engineering of Southern Africa (IMESA) celebrated its 50th anniversary. One of the permanent outcomes of this event was the launch of Reflections 2011 - an IMESA journey through time compiled by Professor Johannes Haarhoff of the University of Johannesburg.
Three courses prepared and presented by Ed Elton (Pr Eng, FSAICE) cover various aspects of rail technology and bridge maintenance. The two rail courses are both two-day courses, each crediting the delegates with two CPD (Continuing Professional Development) points towards retaining their professional registration with the Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA), while the one-day bridge maintenance course is worth one CPD point.
Early cost estimating for heavy industrial foundation structures such as for heavy steelwork plant is rather difficult. Inadequate estimating can cause considerable inconvenience to client, consultant and contractor alike. Estimating procedures readily available in many other fields of civil engineering whereby the overall cost of a structure, structural element or activity can be linked to an appropriate unit price are not available. Based on elementary principles and records of executed projects the results as presented have been compiled over a number of years as a practical estimating guide for heavy industrial foundation structures.
A method was proposed to calculate settlements of structures on cohesion less soils from Standard Penetration Test data. Several case studies reported in the literature were analysed to demonstrate the application.