oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Dealing with the rural sanitation backlog in the Chris Hani District Municipality - a case study : urban and rural engineering

Volume 20, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



How does a Water Services Authority (WSA) serving a population of some 800 000 residents, comprising about 220 000 households in an area of nearly 37 000 square kilometres in 14 formal towns and several hundred rural villages, determine the magnitude (quantity and distribution) of the backlog in rural sanitation; then draft appropriate tenders (all within the necessary ecological, technical, financial and legal constraints and guidelines) and award contracts to deal with the backlog?

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