oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Can we deliver infrastructure - sustainably? : infrastructure
Sustainable development has been much advocated, but some have seen a clash between its two key goals - sustainability (living within the Earth's fixed environmental limits) and development (everyone's right to develop out of poverty). In South Africa these two have been characterised as the 'Green' and 'Brown' agendas, as in Figure 1. This comes to a head when considering new infrastructure, which is absolutely critical for development, because it must serve social and/or economic needs, and tends to regard some accompanying environmental damage as inevitable.
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