n Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - The effect of vibratory pile driving on the original gravity structure quay wall at Ben Schoeman Dock Berth 603, Port of Cape Town




Due to the recent radical increase in container vessel sizes, ports around the world are being refurbished. The ports of Anchorage, Cape Town, Colombo, Durban, Miami, Mumbai and Rotterdam have all recently undergone, or are currently undergoing, expansion to accommodate larger container ships. Between 1914 and 1988, the largest container vessel in the world had a capacity of 5 000 TEU (twenty-foot equivalent units). Currently, the largest ships can carry 18 000 TEU. Ships of this capacity are 400 m long, 59 m wide and 73 m high. Such vessel sizes are manufactured to save costs on fuel, crews and multiple vessel deployments (Marcario 2013; Saltmarsh 2011).


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