n Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - The quest to find affordable and sustainable sanitation solutions for Africa : urban and rural engineering

Volume 23, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



After the first democratic elections in 1994 the South African government committed itself to providing basic services to all citizens. Sanitation was a key focus. The country has since made significant strides - 50% of households did not have access to sanitation in 1994; by 2010 that number was reduced to 21%.

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