n Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Pollution prevention awareness for municipal managers in South Africa : urban and rural engineering

Volume 23, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



The legislative framework of South Africa requires reasonable measures for preventing and remedying the effects of pollution (National Water Act [NWA], Act 36 of 1998; National Environmental Management Act [NEMA], Act 107 of 1998). The waste standard for pollutant containment is embodied in a suite of regulations and guidelines (Minimum Requirements Second Edition [MR2] 1998; Government Notice 704 [GN704] 1999; National Environmental Management Waste Act [NEMWA] Regulations 2013; NEMA Regulations 2014). However, it is the municipal waste management practice which is the focus of this article, encompassing both solid and liquid waste. It is intended to demonstrate the technical principles of pollution control measures and alternative means of achieving at least the same prescriptive performance as specified in legislation for the socio-economic benefit of municipal managers and communities. The current practice is described here, and some contentious issues are discussed. The article concludes with a recommended basic checklist for municipal managers and/or their engineers on whether the design of facilities conforms to the prescribed standards and generally accepted engineering practice.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error