n Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Pollution prevention awareness for municipal managers in South Africa : urban and rural engineering
|Article Title||Pollution prevention awareness for municipal managers in South Africa : urban and rural engineering|
|© Publisher:||South African Institution Of Civil Engineering (SAICE)|
|Journal||Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese|
|Affiliations||1 Department of Water and Sanitation, 2 Department of Water and Sanitation and 3 Department of Water and Sanitation|
|Publication Date||Oct 2015|
|Pages||26 - 31|
The legislative framework of South Africa requires reasonable measures for preventing and remedying the effects of pollution (National Water Act [NWA], Act 36 of 1998; National Environmental Management Act [NEMA], Act 107 of 1998). The waste standard for pollutant containment is embodied in a suite of regulations and guidelines (Minimum Requirements Second Edition [MR2] 1998; Government Notice 704 [GN704] 1999; National Environmental Management Waste Act [NEMWA] Regulations 2013; NEMA Regulations 2014). However, it is the municipal waste management practice which is the focus of this article, encompassing both solid and liquid waste. It is intended to demonstrate the technical principles of pollution control measures and alternative means of achieving at least the same prescriptive performance as specified in legislation for the socio-economic benefit of municipal managers and communities. The current practice is described here, and some contentious issues are discussed. The article concludes with a recommended basic checklist for municipal managers and/or their engineers on whether the design of facilities conforms to the prescribed standards and generally accepted engineering practice.
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