oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - A new history of South Africa from a water resources viewpoint
The settlement at the Cape was originally established to safeguard for the Dutch East India Company supplies of fresh water, meat, and vegetables. Subsequent migration into the interior was the result of the evolution of a class of wandering cattle-farmers, extensive rather than intensive users of land, in search of grazing. This trekking was first checked when the vanguard of the black tribes, also pastoralists, were met in the Fish River area.
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