oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Discussion : the influence of geology on shallow tunnel development in Johannesburg

Volume 26, Issue 12
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



The paper descriptionbed the geological conditions which were encountered in five different shallow tunnels constructed in the vicinity of Johannesburg. From these case studies an attempt was made to define geological factors, specific to each geographical formation, which could influence shallow tunnel construction in the area.

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