oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - The Mqwabe to Sikame deviation with special reference to its tunnels



To achieve the higher gradient standards set for the coal line improvements, a deviation of an approximately 22 km long portion of the existing line between Paulpietersburg and Vryheid in northern Natal was required. In this paper the preliminary route location and some aspects of the detailed route location for this deviation are descriptionbed.


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