oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Urbanization and public health: The challenge, the effects and the need for intersectoral collaboration



The public health challenge of rapid urbanization is an issue of national importance that will have to be tackled using a multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral approach that integrates environmental health and urban health. Urban growth in South Africa is caused equally by rural-urban migration and natural population growth and has a wide range of impacts upon health. These range from infectious diseases such as measles, which is exacerbated by overcrowded housing, to psycho-social problems such as alcohol abuse and interpersonal violence.


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