oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Electricity for urban improvement
Electricity is the most efficient form of energy and ranks amongst the first three priority needs in developing communities. Urbanization is inevitable but necessary for economic growth. Access to affordable electricity is a key to urban improvement provided that it forms part of an integrated approach to service provision. The most immediate and much publicized benefit of electrifying a township is the improvement in the township's ground-level air quality. Smokeless fuels may offer a partial solution to the problem of township air pollution, but they will have little impact on S02 emissions and they are at present more costly than traditional fuels. Greater use of electricity also serves to alleviate the impact on local natural resources.
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