A new hospital in Welkom was constructed entirely on drilled pile foundations to overcome geotechnical problems The Goldfields Regional Hospital at Welkom was planned to alleviate the problems of health care and hospitalisation facilities for the burgeoning population of the Free State Goldfields. The existing hospital facilities in the surrounding towns of Virginia, Odendaalsrus and Welkom were overcrowded and could no longer cope with the ever increasing number of patients. In order to solve the problem the Provincial Administrator decided to construct a centrally situated regional hospital on the outskirts of Thabong Township at Welkom. The project received SAICE's 1995 Bloemfontein Branch Regional Award for Excellence in Civil Engineering.
An in situ upgrade of a large and complex, densely populated informal settlement through the provision of basic services included job creation and community development as important elements The Besters project, one of the entries in the Port Natal-Ebhodwe Joint Services Board Award for Excellence in Labour-based Construction, comprised a R67 million in situ upgrade of a large and complex, densely populated informal settlement near Phoenix, Durban, through the provision of basic services. Job creation and community development were important elements of the project.
In this article the importance of civil engineering to the provision of basic infrastructure for the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) is explored from the viewpoint of the medical profession. The inherent ability of civil engineering to change society fundamentally is shown. Conversely, it is argued that the RDP can provide the impetus and energy to drive the changes that are required in the civil engineering profession.
In the global standard, Thailand has been considered quiescent in terms of seismic activity. However, a moderate earthquake in Pan District, Chiang Rai, on 11 September 1994 has cast some doubt on the belief that Thailand is safe from seismic hazard. The earthquake, with a magnitude of 5.1 on the Richter Scale, took place along a relatively unfamiliar fault zone in Thailand's north. Pan, a small district about 25 km from the epicentre and 50 km from downtown Chiana Rai, was hardest hit. Local people said that it was the worst they had ever felt. No one was injured, although furniture was rocked and objects fell from shelves, and people reacted by running outdoors.
Dr James Robertson investigates the use of Information technology in the engineering context and concludes that the profession needs to become involved in information engineering to a far greater extent It is projected that mankind currently knows only five per cent of what will be known in the year 2010 and that knowledge in information technology (IT) is doubling every two years. Accordingly, it is suggested that the effective management of the information environment is critical to success in business in the future.
Does the term 'pollution prevention' mean the prevention of all pollution? Is this a practical objective, and is it a reasonable mandate to impose on a regulatory authority? When relating these questions to a given definition of pollution, the answers become clearer.
Work on the R120 million 42-month contract to construct a completely new dual carriageway for the SA Roads Board through the 13 km of Du Toitskloof is now well advanced with 32 months gone, R82 million spent and 13,1 km of new carriageway (49 per cent of the total) open to traffic. Only 1 km of the narrow road constructed in the late 1940s is now still in use. Situated in a very scenic and environmentally sensitive area, the contract has involved the contractor, Savage and Lovemore West Cape, in environmental constraints that are not usual in road construction. The more awkward ones concern controlling the quality of water discharging from site into the pristine Molenaars River, which runs the length of the contract.
In this paper the author discusses the competition that will arise in the future between agriculture and industry for the limited supplies of water available. The possible development of the water resources is considered and it is pointed out that except in the case of the Vaal River, climatic and other conditions prevent competition. Suggestions are made about the best way of developing and using the water supplies available.