oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Educating engineers in Japan
The education of engineers, particularly at the higher education level, played a key role in Japan's modernisation. In that respect, Japan was not a latecomer; rather, it led the world when its modernisation started at the beginning of the Meiji period (1868-1912). We are still benefiting from the consequences today. When universities in nineteenth-century Europe were reorganised into modern universities, their new structure retained much of the traditional form. The new universities still consisted of faculties of philosophy, medicine, theology and jurisprudence. In some universities in the German-speaking areas, for instance, the faculty of philosophy was reorganised in 1875 to accommodate two newly created faculties, one of which corresponded to a 'faculty of science'.
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