oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Social impact studies and public participation



Social impact studies are gaining increasing importance in project planning and this article illustrates how they were also part of the Orange and Vaal River water resource planning In line with its commitment to the principles and practices of integrated environmental management (IEM), the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) commissions environmental assessments, inclusive of comprehensive public participation, for all water resource planning and development initiatives undertaken under its auspices. The DWAF understands the environment in its broadest sense, viz the biophysical and social environments, in an integrated manner.


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