The paper descriptionbes peculiar sub-surface conditions at the site of the now Cape Town railway station and puts forward a hypothesis to explain how these sub-surface conditions came to be present. The various forms of foundation treatment for the complexity of structures in the station are discussed in terms of the sub-surface conditions.
The advent of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is opening a new phase in man's technical development and its impact may have very far-reaching consequences. Nevertheless, there is very great need for engineers to consider this development in its proper perspective and to appreciate the parts which will be played by the various disciplines in the profession. Engineering educators in particular must take care to see that their students will have the basis for. meeting the problems which may face them in twenty years time, and the challenge contained in the Author's ultimate paragraph has already been accepted in South African schools of engineering.
Although Port Elizabeth was declared a Customs Port in 1826, it was not until 1938 that a scheme was completed which transformed the harbour from an open roadstead port, worked by the lighterage system, into a completely sheltered harbour enclosing a water area of 314 acres.
Recent investigations in Basutoland have greatly extended knowledge of the hydrology of the territory and valuable water resources, particularly within the mountain massif, have been revealed. The paper dealt with various schemes to develop these resources and show that supplies of high quality water can be delivered to the Vaal basin in the quantities likely to be required, under extremely favourable conditions. Hydroelectric power, produced as a by-product, would contribute substantially to the economic attractiveness of the schemes.