Civil Engineer in South Africa - Volume 22, Issue 4, 1980
Volume 22, Issue 4, 1980
Author R.F. FuggleSource: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22, pp 77 –83 (1980)More Less
For at least 2 000 years public and civic forums have protested when Man's modifications to his environment have been detrimental to collective welfare. Yet legislation for the purpose of regulating environmental degradation causing public nuisance has only been inherent in the laws of many countries for several centuries and particularly since the industrial revolution.
Author B.H. WalkerSource: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22 (1980)More Less
I begin by complimenting Prof Fuggle on a very comprehensive, broad-based and thoughtful account which I am sure will set the tone for the rest of this symposium. I will not attempt to summarize all the important points which he has brought out, except to note that three major problem areas seem to have emerged.
Author Noel ViljoenSource: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22, pp 84 –90 (1980)More Less
The opportunity to plan a vast harbour complex on a virgin site is a unique experience. The ecological significance of Richards Bay is outlined and the environmental philosophies and ensuing research projects are summarized. The resulting influence upon the development policies of the several agencies involved is discussed. The short-term evaluation of this coordinated effort indicates guide-lines for environmental management techniques for similar future projects.
Die geleentheid om 'n groot hawekompleks van wans af te beplan is 'n unieke ondervinding. Die ekologiese betekenis van Richardsbaai word geskets en die omgewingsbegrippe en voortvloeiende navorsingsprojekte word opgesom. Die gevolglike invloede op die ontwikkelingsbeleid van die betrokke agentskappe word bespreek. Die kort-termyn beoordeling van hierdie gekoördineerde poging dui riglyne aan vir omgewingsbeheer tegnieke vir soortgelyke toekomstige projekte.
Author R. PistoriusSource: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22, pp 90 –91 (1980)More Less
First of all one must pay tribute where it is due and I would like to say at the outset that there have been some quite remarkable ecological environmental successes in Richards Bay. There have also been some failures but I shall not call them disasters at this stage. I would like to emphasize here the strange coincidence, if coincidence it is, that the environmental successes have occurred in sectors controlled by Noël Viljoen or where he has had a strong influence.
Source: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22, pp 91 –95 (1980)More Less
Escom's decision to build the 2 x 922 MW (e) Koeberg nuclear power station on the coastal Duynefontein site, 28 km north of Cape Town, is explained. After describing the internationally accepted basis of radiation protection, the philosophy of nuclear-installation licensing, as applied by the AEB Licensing Branch, is outlined. Pre-operational environmental investigations that have provided acceptable release rates of radioactive effluent to the sea and the atmosphere are described. Accidental releases are discussed and the sound basis of such studies is compared with normal industrial undertakings.
Evkom se besluit om die Koeberg-kernkragstasie van 2 x 922 MW(e) op die Duynefonteinterrein 28 km noord van Kaapstad te bou, word verduidelik. Na 'n beskrywing van die internasionaal-aanvaarde grondslag van stralingbeskerming, word die filosofie van die lisensiëring van kerninstallasies, - soos toegepas deur die RAK se Lisensiëringtak, uiteengesit. Vervolgens word voorbedryfse omgewingstudies, wat tot aanvaarbare vrystellingstempo's vir radioaktiewe afval aan die see en die atmosfeer gelei het, beskryf. Verder word ongeluksvrylatings bespreek en die gesonde basis van sodanige ondersoeke met gewone nywerheidondernemings vergelyk.
Author A.V. HallSource: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22, pp 95 –96 (1980)More Less
The key issue is population growth. We have seen the population of the Cape double five times in the past 160 years. This gives an average doubling time of 32 years and we are at present on a doubling time of 28 years. Is a great ribbon of living space going to be required around the reactor site at Koeberg? This is a fundamental issue that we must consider. This is why we need to sharpen our environmental planning by means of environmental impact assessments.
Source: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22, pp 96 –100 (1980)More Less
An overview of environmental planning in relation to the massive new coal strip mining industry in the eastern Transvaal is presented by a panel. Aspects reviewed include the industry in perspective, the natural environment and agricultural potential, mining methods, potential pollution problems, environmental care policy, environmental impact assessment and monitoring, and rehabilitation policy and practice. A brief review is given.
'n Oorsig van omgewingsbeplanning met betrekking tot die massiewe nuwe steenkool dagbou-industrie in die oostelike Transvaal word deur 'n span aangebied. Aspekte onder oorsig behels die industrie in perspektief, die natuurlike omgewing en landbou potensiaal, mynbou-metodes, potensiale besoedelingprobleme, omgewings versorgings beleid, omgewings aanslag beraming en waarneming, en rehabilitasie beleid en toepassing. 'n Kort oorsig word gegee.
Author J. SerfonteinSource: Civil Engineer in South Africa 22 (1980)More Less
I have learned a lot from the people in the mining industry. The multi-disciplinary approach is a very good thing. Something that struck me overseas is that where strip-mining is concerned the idea of public participation is very important; public hearings are always held before mines of this nature are opened.