oa Civil Engineer in South Africa - History of the Du Toitskloof Pass and Tunnel
The history of the Du Toitskloof Pass goes back to the early 1800s when routes from Cape Town to the interior were being investigated by the authorities. However, in 1845, the choice of Bains Kloof as the major new route across the mountains resulted in Du Toitskloof going back into obscurity until the early 1930s, when it again came into the limelight. Construction of the existing pass began in 1941 using Italian prisoners of war, but was only completed in 1948. By 1965 the capacity of the pass became inadequate and planning of a new route was undertaken, which resulted in the present tunnel, opened on 18 March 1988 by President P W Botha and now known as the Huguenot Tunnel.
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