oa Civil Engineer in South Africa - Design of the pipelines and shore crossings
|Article Title||Design of the pipelines and shore crossings|
|© Publisher:||South African Institution Of Civil Engineering (SAICE)|
|Journal||Civil Engineer in South Africa|
|Author||D. Ekermans and D.J. Potgieter|
|Publication Date||Jan 1991|
The two export pipelines transporting the products from the shoreplatform to the onshore refinery some 94 km away are required to operate in a variety of environmental conditions, ranging from severe offshore to moderate overland conditions. The paper highlights some of the design and installation methods employed to resolve the potential problem areas.
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