n Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering = Joernaal van die Suid-Afrikaanse Instituut van Siviele Ingenieurswese - Appropriate approach in measuring waste generation, composition and density in developing areas : technical paper
|Article Title||Appropriate approach in measuring waste generation, composition and density in developing areas : technical paper|
|© Publisher:||South African Institution Of Civil Engineering (SAICE)|
|Journal||Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering = Joernaal van die Suid-Afrikaanse Instituut van Siviele Ingenieurswese|
|Publication Date||Jan 2003|
|Pages||2 - 10|
The purpose of this paper is to<ul> <li>critically review current waste generation, composition and density measurement methods <li>develop an appropriate measuring approach(es), and <li>determine the factors that affect waste generation, composition and density in developing areas.</ul> <br>The aim of developing an appropriate approach is to assist local authorities, waste managers and related interest groups towards accurate assessments and measurement of waste generated in developing areas in order to get the most appropriate and cost-effective waste management system. <br>This paper covers the importance of waste generation quantification and the shortcomings of current waste generation measuring techniques. Factors that affect waste generation, composition and density are assessed. <br>In this study, an innovative technique of measuring waste generation, composition and density, for denser and less dense waste was developed. Two hundred and eighty four samples from formal and informal households were subjected to detailed manual waste analysis and classification. Interviews were conducted from the sampled areas to get accurate demographic and related information. <br>It is concluded that current waste generation measurement techniques should be evaluated. A calibrated plastic bag for less dense waste and a bucket for measuring dense waste directly from sampled households are recommended. It is further concluded that waste generation, composition and density are not affected by income, occupation of the household's income earners, duration of stay and origin of migration. Furthermore, seasonal variations have no effect on waste generation, composition and density of solid waste in the study areas.
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