n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Callisthenes in Africa : the historian's role at Siwah and in the controversy

Supplement 5
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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One of the most discussed episodes in modern studies of Alexander is his pilgrimage to the oracle at Siwah, in which Ammon, equated by the Greeks with Zeus, is alleged to have acknowledged his paternity of the young conqueror. Discussion has often centred around the question of the extent to which Alexander himself believed in his own divinity. Earlier scholarship preferred to view Alexander as entirely 'rational' (adopting an apologetic view originally found in Plut. . 28.6 and Arr. . 7.29.3), refused to accept that Alexander actually thought of himself as a god, and argued that he promoted his divine filiation only for political reasons. The more recent , however, has been that Alexander did indeed think of himself as a living god and actively promoted his own deification.

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