n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Roman soldiers, local gods and in Roman Germany

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Roman readiness to equate deities of other peoples with their own gods, and the willingness of provincials to give Latin names to their gods, with the resultant formation of composite deities, sometimes with Roman, sometimes with Celtic or Germanic, sometimes with joint names, is well-known under the Tacitean phrase of 'interpretatio Romana'. The most influential body of Roman immigrants into the Rhineland were soldiers. Their contribution to this phenomenon is studied here. It becomes clear that neither the Roman military nor the local provincials were aiming at cultural hegemony : the concerns throughout were those of religion.


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