n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - The classical image of Africa : the evidence from Claudian

Volume 43, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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Claudian's poetry contains frequent allusions to Africa. His concept of the land, people, animals and products reflects literary stereotypes that do not suggest a personal knowledge of the continent. Two long passages of allegory describe the personified Africa with Rome and other provinces. They do not prove that Claudian visualized Africa as Black, Negroid, or wearing an elephant-scalp headdress. Nor does he provide evidence for a . Instead he describes her as a vassal, willingly subjected, by divine decree, to perpetual domination and exploitation.

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