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n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Change and continuity in rhetorical writings. Aquila Romanus' and Martianus Capella's treatises on the figurae sententiarum et elocutionis
The source of Martianus' study of the figurae sententiarum et elocutionis in De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii 5.523-537 is a short treatise on the rhetorical figurae written in the 2nd half of the 3rd century AD by Aquila Romanus.
This article studies the contents and language of both texts, and explores their similarities and diffirences. Both authors discuss the figures in the same manner and order : the Greek name of the figure (usually) first, with its Latin translation; then the definition of the figure, often distinguished from similar figures; and finally, one or more examples, taken mostly from Cicero, to illustrate the often complicated explanations.
Among the differences are, in Aquila, additional details, repetition, one or more examples, and frequent explanations of the quotations. In contrast, Martianus often omits an example, or general advice on the use of figures, or digressions on the history of the schemes. These differences are to be attributed to the different natures and purposes of the two works.
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