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- Volume 45, Issue 1, 2002
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Volume 45, Issue 1, 2002
Volumes & issues
Volume 45, Issue 1, 2002
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 1 –18 (2002)More Less
Drawing on questions raised by Foucault's Birth of the Clinic, this paper looks at the accounts of the bubonic plague which struck Constantinople in 542, and reflects on the range of responses to the epidemic. Although there were attempts to find a scientific explanation of the disease, not surprisingly little progress was made, and thus the epidemic did not give a boost to the development of clinical medicine. Nevertheless, the plague forced Justinian to reform the system of health care and to give more attention to community health. The plague also made an impact on the social, economic and religious geography of the empire.
Author Michael CharlesSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 19 –49 (2002)More Less
The post-Domitianic literary record differs markedly from that of the emperor's reign. Although portrayed as a victorious general, defender of Roman morality and a great builder while alive, he is described, after his assassination and damnatio memoriae, as a vainglorious and immoral tyrant. While judgment will not be passed on the man himself, this article will attempt to show that the record of Domitian's reign and character was dictated not so much by reality as by the mechanics of predecessor denigration. What had been acceptable (and laudable) for other emperors was to become unacceptable (and worthy of condemnation) for Domitian. His virtues were made into vices and his successes were rendered as failures - all in order to accord with what was expected of a tyrant, a caluus Nero.
Author Anne GoslingSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 51 –69 (2002)More Less
A comparative reading of Ovid's accounts of the apotheosis of Romulus (Met. 14.805-28 and Fasti 2.481-512) reveals significant echoes and variations. Striking divergences from other sources (Cicero, Livy and Dionysius of Halicarnassus) are also apparent. Ovid shows no (overt) interest in the political background, suppresses Romulus' military aspect, and is more concerned with fabulous elements. Yet his own stylistic emphases, and a nexus of resonances between the Metamorphoses and Fasti, with echoes of Aen. 6.851-53 and Aen. 1.292-93, pointedly situate Romulus in the civil sphere as lawgiver, an interesting perspective in the light of Augustan propaganda and the inescapable elements of fraternal strife and murder in Rome's foundation legend. By ellipsis and allusion Ovid constructs an image of Romulus which interrogates the Augustan ethos and connects with the wider themes of the Fasti, particularly the rejection of militarism and the celebration of the arts of peace.
Author Michael LambertSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 71 –88 (2002)More Less
Many scholars, influenced by Gow's commentary, have regarded Theocritus Idyll 2 as an important source for the study of erotic magic in antiquity. It is the contention of this paper that this poem should not be treated as if it were a literary precursor of the erotic magical papyri, but rather as a comic parody of a magic ritual in which the love-sick practitioner perpetrates ritual mayhem for the entertainment of Theocritus' audience, in which real magic was the domain of men, not women (as the papyri overwhelmingly testify). Consequently, Idyll 2 does not add to the corpus of literature demonising women as witches; more seriously, it parodies female independence and initiative in establishing a relationship with a man, freed from the patriarchal network of familial marriage alliances. Embodying this in a mime indicates that for Theocritus' audience, as for that of Aristophanes, women in control of their lives was still, in the Hellenistic world, an alternative too laughable, and perhaps too threatening, to contemplate.
Author Philip S. PeekSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 89 –99 (2002)More Less
Scholars see the insult of Cat. 2 1 in the inappropriateness of Aurelius' being poor and a rival or in the inappropriateness of his being a parasite and a rival. This paper argues against these interpretations because in the poem hunger does not stigmatize Aurelius as poor or a parasite but rather as a promiscuous sodomite. For this reason Cat. 2 1 should be understood in the context of the traditional Roman view of masculinity : appropriate domination is an affirmation of healthy masculinity; inappropriate submission is unhealthy emasculation. The paper also suggests that Cat. 21 is an elaboration of a standard insult, 'esureis et me felas', threatening a dissatisfying and sexually humiliating 'feeding' of Aurelius' empty belly and a sexually dissatisfying and humiliating fulfillment of Aurelius' carnal desires. In making these insults, Catullus can be said to have put Aurelius, excessively indulging his masculine lust, in his submissive place.
Author Betine Van Zyl SmitSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 101 –122 (2002)More Less
This paper considers the phenomenon of a mythical figure, chiefly known as the murderess of her own children, becoming an icon of feminism. Euripides' Medea is the origin of Medea's impact through the ages. Thus the seeds of Medea as feminist are sought in the Greek tragedy. Subsequently, later depictions of Medea are examined to see in what respects they may be regarded as feminist. The works considered are those of Albee, Harrison, Cardinal, Kennelly, Crossland, Wolf, Lochhead, Labute, Nick, and Wakoski.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 123 –126 (2002)More Less
J.B. Hall hat bekanntlich in einer Reihe von Aufsatzen in den Studi Medievali die sog. Bedier-Methode in der Textkritik scharf und witzig kritisiert. Zwei seiner abschreckenden Beispiele von Texten, die nach dieser Methode herausgegeben sind, enstammen Toronto Medieval Latin Texts. Der Generalredaktor dieser Serie ist A.G. Rigg, und er schreibt im Vorwort dieser Editionen u.a.: 'Editions in this series are usually based on one MS only, with a minimum of textual apparatus; emendations are made only where the text fails to make sense, not in order to restore the author's original version. The effect is to produce a "scribal version" of the text.'
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 127 –128 (2002)More Less
Erst seit 1992 haben wir eine zuverlassige kritische Ausgabe der Vitas Sanctorum Patrum Emeretensium; sie ist im Corp. Christ. Ser. Lat. 116 erschienen, und wir verdanken sie A. Maya Sanchez. Dieser Text aus dem 7. Jh. ist nicht nur inhaltlich, sondern auch sprachlich als Zeuge der westgotischen Latinitat ganz interessant; Joseph N. Garvins Kommentar in seiner Arbeit The Vitas Sanctorum Patrum Emeretensium (Washington, D.C. 1946) ist wertvoll, lasst sich aber erganzen. Hiermit einige sprachliche und textkritische Notizen zu A. Mayas Edition.
Author Gottfried MaderSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 129 –132 (2002)More Less
The fatal banquet in Act 5 which marks the dramatic and structural apex of Thyestes, is one of the virtuoso passages in Senecan tragedy, a densely suggestive scene in which multiple thematic strands converge to enhance the drama's grand peripeteia. The dazzling scenario symbolically charts the victim's inner transformation : Thyestes' regal garments (955-56), his outward appearance (948) with the appurtenances of luxury (909, 913, 945-46) pointedly externalize his repudiation of veterem ... Thyesten (937), his exilic identity expressed earlier in the stoically tinged ideal of the true king (344-90,446-70).
Speaking Volumes : Narrative and Intertext in Ovid and Other Latin Poets, Alessandro Barchiesi, edited and translated by Matt Fox and Simone Marchesi : book reviewSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 133 –137 (2002)More Less
Identifying and analysing the deliberate allusion of an author to the words of another has consistently been one of the principal preoccupations of Latin philology. In the last fifteen years or so, a redefinition and sharpening of this interest has led to its repositioning within the critical theoretical domain of intertextuality. A few books in particular, G.B. Conte's The Rhetoric of Imitation: Genre and Poetic Memory in Virgil and Other Poets (1986), Joseph Farrell's Vergil's Georgics and the Traditions of Ancient Epic: The Art of Allusion in Literary History (1991), Stephen Hinds' Allusion and Intertext: Dynamics of Appropriation in Roman Poetry (1998) and Lowell Edmunds' Intertextuality and the Reading of Roman Poetry (2001), have challenged preconceived notions and hopefully succeeded in easing this aspect of Latin philology forward into a broader area of theoretical enquiry. Barchiesi's book must be regarded as an excellent, if somewhat understated, contribution to this field of research.
Classical Indiscretions: A Millennial Enquiry into the State of the Classics, Maurizio Bettini, translated by John McManamon : book reviewSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 137 –141 (2002)More Less
This slim volume, first published in Italian under the title I classici nell 'eta dell 'indiscrezione (1995), is bound to elicit conflicting responses, relating to both matters of style and contents. The manner of exposition is diffuse, and the book recalls in its development a series of essays appearing over time in a literary newspaper rather than a sequence of chapters tightly arranged around a core theme. The relaxed style, humorous delivery, and pervasive irony create a mood more reminiscent of a cultured conversation between knowledgeable peers than of tutorials delivered in earnest. At first reading, a general impression is formed of amused detachment, urbane disapproval of contemporary myths/foibles, and elegantly worn erudition. Indeed, some might contend that the undeniable charm of the style somewhat obfuscates the author's thesis, or even substitutes for me.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 142 –145 (2002)More Less
In the Preface, Cartledge makes a not unreasonable claim: 'Since 1976 I have I think established myself as one of the half-dozen international authorities on pretty well all matters ancient Spartan.' Fair enough; and for this reason we can be grateful that Cartledge has taken the trouble to assemble this collection of 13 papers. Those which have appeared in print before have been 'revised, rewritten and updated', and provided with new introductions; and others have not been previously published.
Displaced Persons. The Literaturn of Exile from Cicero, to Boethius, Jo-Marie Claassen : book reviewAuthor Ulrich SchmitzerSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 145 –149 (2002)More Less
Daß Ovids Exildichtung lange Zeit nut geringe Wertschatzung in der Forschung besaß, da sie als die Wiederholung des Immergleichen und die Manifestation einer unmannlichen Haltung gegenuber der von Augustus verhangten Entfernung von Rom galt, ist inzwischen so oft in neueren Untersuchungen wiederholt und zur Abgrenzung des eigenen Standpunktes verwendet worden, daß sich kaum mehr ein genaueres Eingehen auf diese langst uberholten Positionen lohnt. Vielmehr ist die Zeit reif fur die Synthese des Ertrags, den die unvoreingenommene Lekture der Tristia und der Epistulae ex Ponto seit den 80er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts, unterstutzt durch das methodische Instrumentarium moderner Literaturtheorie, erbracht hat.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45, pp 150 –152 (2002)More Less