n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Amphilochius of Iconium, 5 : 'On Holy Sabbath'. Translation and Commentary

Volume 46, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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Holy Sabbath, the eve of Easter, celebrates the burial of Christ, when his body remained in the tomb. But the homilists of the Early Church also celebrated it as the time when Christ did battle with Death and, as conqueror of Hades, liberated the dead. In this homily Amphilochius follows tradition in referring to this aspect of the celebration of Holy Sabbath, but at the same time dedicates a large part of the homily to a polemic against the Jews, pointing out the futility of their doing battle against a 'dead' Christ by guarding his tomb. The homily exhibits a strong rhetorical character, including several images and personifications, while in his polemic against the Jews the preacher bestows a dramatic dimension on his homily by means of apostrophe and dialogue. The paper offers a translation in English accompanied by a running commentary, both translation and commentary following the general structure of the homily.

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