n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Translating Ancient Emotions : keynote address

Volume 46, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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The emotional vocabulary of the Greeks and Romans differs in important ways from what are commonly taken to be equivalent terms in English and other modern languages. In this paper, I offer two case studies in the problem of translating Greek emotions. The first considers the difference between Greek <span style='font-size:22.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:9.0pt;font-family:GraecaII'&gt;e[leo~&lt;o:p&gt;&lt;/o:p&gt;&lt;/span&gt; and English 'sympathy' in the audience response to Greek tragedy. The second and longer discussion examines the differences between Greek <span style='font-size:22.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:9.0pt;font-family:GraecaII'>ojrghv</span><span style='font-size:22.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:GraecaII'&gt;&lt;o:p&gt;&lt;/o:p&gt;&lt;/span&gt; and English 'anger', beginning with Aristotle's definition of <span style='font-size:22.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:9.0pt;font-family:GraecaII'>ojrghv</span><span style='font-size:22.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:GraecaII'&gt;&lt;o:p&gt;&lt;/o:p&gt;&lt;/span&gt; in the &lt;I&gt;Rhetoric&lt;/I&gt; and then applying his analysis to the role of 'anger' in Homer's &lt;I&gt;Iliad.&lt;/I&gt;

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