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- Volume 47, Issue 1, 2004
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Volume 47, Issue 1, 2004
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Volume 47, Issue 1, 2004
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 1 –26 (2004)More Less
Homily 34 of Proclus of Constantinople falls in the category of one of the most popular genres in the homiletic activity of the Early Church, namely the<I> encomium</I> on martyrs and saints. The purpose of this paper is to analyse Homily 34 against the background of the genre of the martyr homily. An outline of the homily's thought structure precedes the translation, and this is followed by the analysis proper, which includes the following aspects: (1) the commemoration of the saints as literary genre; (2) an analysis of the homily's basic theme, including the notion of honour and shame, as well as the characterisation of the saints and the evil powers involved; (3) the focus then shifts on to the homiletic art of Proclus: his sentence structure as well as features that serve as markers of sentence structures and periods, his use of metaphor and comparison, <I>ekphrasis</I>, and fictitious discourse; the paper is concluded with remarks on (4) the message of the homily.
Author Jo-Marie ClaassenSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 27 –50 (2004)More Less
This paper discusses Plutarch's consolation to his wife on the death of their infant daughter. It examines the ancient consolatory tradition and precedents for grief over the death of a child, and compares some Victorian examples. The questions to be examined are: Why would a consolatio on the death of an infant have been written? Why would a bereaved father write (and publish) such a formal consolation instead of comforting his wife more personally? The paper concludes that the sad father is comforting himself while both celebrating his wife and erecting a monument to his child by the best means he was master of, literature - in other words, the consolation serves as both laus mulieris and as the little girl's lasting memorial.
Author Martine De MarreSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 51 –74 (2004)More Less
In the <I>Apologia</I>, a speech in which Apuleius defends himself against the charges of magic and legacy hunting, the orator depicts his wife, Aemilia Pudentilla, as a highly-educated woman. There are many reasons why such a portrait of his wife would reflect favourably on the author and on his innocence of the crime of which he stands accused. Since this speech contains the only detail we know about Pudentilla, using this information about her as evidence for educated womanhood of her time could be suspect, and certainly needs to be examined carefully if it is to be utilized. The essential question which this article therefore attempts to answer is: would it have been possible, given the period and location, for Aemilia Pudentilla to have been the well-educated matron that Apuleius depicts for us in the speech?
Author Michael LambertSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 75 –85 (2004)More Less
In this analysis of the paederastic poems in the Theocritean corpus (<I>Idylls</I> 12, 23, 29, 30), the author argues that the poet reflects intensely on mutuality in a relationship between an older and younger man and engages not only with the paederastic literary tradition (as has been argued by many contemporary scholars), but also creates a 'homosexual identity' not encountered in texts of the Archaic and Classical periods.
Author Jessie MaritzSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 87 –100 (2004)More Less
This article looks at the depiction of Africa in linear and pictorial form, on maps and as a personification. It gives a general outline of the changing form of maps from Roman times through the Renaissance with the new knowledge of world geography and the discovery of printing, and of the personification of Africa wearing an elephant-scalp headdress for the same period. It then looks at instances from the 16th to 19th centuries where personifications and maps are used together, and whether the personification changed with the increased geographical knowledge of the continent.
Author Daniel OgdenSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 101 –126 (2004)More Less
The figure of the sorcerer Pancrates in Lucian's tale of <I>The Sorcerer's Apprentice</I> at <I>Philopseudes</I> 33-36 alludes to the traditions relating to Hadrian's poet Pancrates Epicus and to those relating to his supposed magicial guru Pachrates. These traditions are argued to have had a common origin, and new arguments are advanced for this position. Lucian further exploits the significance of Pancrates' name ('All-powerful') in relation to that of a well-established character-type within his stock-in-trade, Eucrates ('Well-powerful'), who is accordingly cast in the role of his apprentice. Pancrates' focal spell, the animation of the pestle for domestic service, reflects the themes and concerns of contempary magical practice as documented in the papyri. Admonitory Cynic imagery, of a sort found elsewhere in the <I>Philopseudes</I>, may be latent both in the figure of Pancates and in his pestle.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 127 –137 (2004)More Less
Malaria is an ancient disease caused by the <I>Plasmodium</I> organism. Evidence shows that <I>P. falciparum</I> causing malignant tertian malaria originated in Central Africa 165 million years ago and migrated towards the Mediterranean at the end of the last Ice Age. <I>P. vivax</I> and <I>P. malariae</I> causing more benign malaria probably originated in South-East Asia. In this study the occurrence of malaria in the Mediterranean region in Classical times is studied. Although no evidence of the typical malarial fever patterns can be found in the medical papyri of Ancient Egypt, modern DNA technology shows evidence of malarial infection in mummies of the third millennium BC. The writings of Hippocrates, Celsus and Galen in particular record descriptions of periodic fevers which correspond closely to the known varieties of malaria during Graeco-Roman times. Further evidence of malarial fevers in the literature of the period is reviewed and it is concluded that malaria was well established as a serious disease in the Eastern Mediterranean of the 5th century BC.
Author Geoffrey D. TullySource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 139 –150 (2004)More Less
It is generally believed that, in wartime, legionary detachments or 'vexillationes' were commanded exclusively by senatorial and later equestrian officers, whereas centurions were entrusted with detachments raised only for garrison duty or work-related tasks in peacetime. However, certain literary and epigraphic sources suggest that, even from the mid-first century AD, the usual leader of fighting-detachments of up to 500 legionaries was really the centurion.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 151 151 NOTES ? KORT BYDRAES SORTES, SORTEM BEI ERASMUS Bengt L?fstedt Im Traktat De recta Latini et Graeci sermonis pronuntiatione (ed. M. Cytowska im Band 1.4 der Opera Omnia, Amsterdam 1972) S. 43, 995ff. schreibt Erasmus: 'Sic et in dialecticis pueri nihil audiunt nisi Sortes currit, Plato disputat ... Sortem currere est possibile ...' J. Ijsewijn, Humanistica Lovaniensia 29 (1980) 316 kritisiert die Edition an dieser Stelle: 'Vocabula Sortes et Sortem omni sententia sunt destituta et ex errore aut veteris typographi aut editoris nata. Scribas enim oportet Socrates et Socratem ...' An dieser Stelle werden die dialectici von Erasmus ..
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 153 –154 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 153 153-154 ZU VALLAS SCHRIFT ?BER REFLEXIVPRONOMINA Bengt L?fstedt Laurentius Valla, italienischer Humanist aus der ersten H?lfte des 15. Jhs., ist in erster Linie als Entdecker der sog. Konstantinischen F?lschungen und als Verfasser des grossen und w?hrend vieler Jahrhunderte ?usserst einflussreichen grammatischen Werkes Elegantiae linguae Latinae bekannt. Sein b?chlein De reciprocatione 'sui' et 'suus', das 1449- 1450 geschrieben wurde, ist eine Appendix der Elegantiae. Eine neue Edition der Elegantiae ist in Italien im Gange; die Schrift ?ber die Reflexivpronomina ist vor ein paar Jahren von Elisabet Sandstr?m (mit Einleitung und ?bersetzung ins Franz?sische) als Dissertation erstmalig kritisch ediert worden.1 Sie ..
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 155 –156 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 155 REVIEWS ? RESENSIES W.J. Henderson, Op Griekse Lier. Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis. 2004. Pp. 268. R149.95. ISBN 1-86919-007-6. Die werk Op Griekse Lier het as tema die Griekse liriese digkuns in teenstelling met die ander kortpo?sie van die antieke Grieke, die elegiese en jambiese digkuns. Die algemene opset van die werk is 'n vertaling van gedigte of fragmente wat verteenwoordigend is van die antieke Griekse liriese digters. Die vertalings word telkens voorafgegaan deur 'n kort inleiding op die digter en sy werk, en gevolg deur 'n bespreking van die betrokke gedig of fragment. Negentien digters word met name behandel ..
Author Andre F. BassonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 157 –159 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 157 N.M. Kay, Ausonius: Epigrams. Text with Introduction and Commentary. London: Duckworth. 2001. Pp. 315, including indices. UK ?40. ISBN 0- 7156-3105-5. Following only ten years after the publication of R.P.H. Green's comprehensive commentary on all the works of Ausonius, 1 it is quite understandable that N.M. Kay's work would be far less ambitious in scope and rather seek to provide a more detailed commentary on only a part of this poet's oeuvre. In an introductory chapter, Kay first discusses issues relating to the arrangement of the epigrams and the literary tradition. He convincingly disputes (Alan) Cameron's claim that the ..
La "Terza Filippica" di Cicerone. Retorica e regolamento del Senato, legalità e rapporti di forza, Ciro Monteleone : book reviewAuthor Maridien SchneiderSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 159 –164 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 159 Ciro Monteleone, La "Terza Filippica" di Cicerone. Retorica e regolamento del Senato, legalit? e rapporti di forza. Biblioteca della Ricerca XI: Philologica 4. Fasano: Schena Editore. 2003. Pp. 533. ISBN 88.8229.390.4. 32.00. This very useful and long-awaited commentary (Latin text with Italian translation) by Ciro Monteleone is a welcome addition for scholars with a particular interest in Cicero's Philippics. With this work the author joins the recent trend in Ciceronian scholarship that concerns itself with the nature and significance of the political content of Cicero's speeches, especially those delivered during the remaining months of his life when he openly returned ..
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 47, pp 165 –167 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 165 ACTA CLASSICA XLV (2003) 165-167 PERIODICALS RECEIVED IN EXCHANGE FOR ACTA CLASSICA (September 2003 - August 2004) Acta Antiqua (Budapest, Hungary) Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debreceniensis (Debrechen, Hungary) Africa Romana (Sassari, Italy) Agora (Aveiro, Portugal) Analecta Malacitana (M?laga, Spain) Ancient History Bulletin (Calgary, Canada) Ancient Society (Louvain, Belgium) Annali della Facolt? di Lettere di Siena (Siena, Italy) Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa (Pisa, Italy) Annual of the British School at Athens (Athens, Greece) Antig?edad y Cristianismo (Murcia, Spain) Anuari di Filologia: Filologia Anglesa i Alemanya (Barcelona, Spain) Anzeiger f?r die Altertumswissenschaft (Innsbruck, Austria) Arch?ologischer Anzeiger (Berlin, Germany) Arctos ..