n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Rome's Cimbric Wars (114-101 BC) and their impact on the Iberian Peninsula

Volume 48, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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The Cimbric Wars and their impact on the Iberian peninsula comprise an episode in Roman history, which has been neglected by both ancient and modern commentators. The wars themselves are remembered chiefly for battles fought in southern Gaul and northern Italy between 105 and 101. However, the conflict had a much wider and more devastating impact. Gaius Marius may have engineered the Roman defence and finally great victories on the battlefield, but this triumph has obscured a regional catastrophe the likes of which were not to be seen again until the final days of the Roman Empire in the West. The Cimbri and Teutones posed the greatest challenge to Rome's supremacy, even its existence, since the invasion of Italy by Hannibal. The ancient sources have obscured the enormity of the threat and its consequences, especially for Iberia. The intention here is to retrieve some idea of the extent of the campaigning of both sides in the war and the magnitude of the disaster as it affected the region south of the Pyrenees.

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