n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Gaius and Marius in Iberia and Gaul : family affairs and provincial clients

Volume 51, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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The triumph of Gaius Marius over the Germanic tribes in 102/101 BC is rightly ascribed to his employment of astute tactics. At Aquae Sextiae, however, that victory was based on extensive planning, not only in southern Gaul where Marius was stationed with his army, but also across the Pyrenees in northern Iberia. M. Marius is credited with a proconsulship in , but an analysis of the ancient literature allows for his transferral to at precisely the time his brother was in command further north. Cooperation between the two, which ensured success on the battlefield, is argued below. And also suggested here is that in both regions the Marii extended their family patronage to native communities, enhancing their political prominence and prestige among the Roman élite.

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