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- Volume 55, Issue 1, 2012
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Volume 55, Issue 1, 2012
Volumes & issues
Volume 55, Issue 1, 2012
Author D. WardleSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp IX –XVIII (2012)More Less
An appreciation of Professor Saddington as a military historian, which I have been asked to offer, may denote (for some) a limited field. 'Military history', however, if narrowly perceived, hardly reflects his broad scholarly interests, encompassing besides Roman army and frontier studies, Roman social history, issues of education and literacy, early Christianity and patristic studies, and late republican and early imperial Latin epigraphy. He delighted in the epigraphical congresses almost as much as in the Roman army gatherings.
Author Anthony R. BirleySource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 1 –16 (2012)More Less
A newly published military diploma, probably found in the Balkans, issued to a veteran of the cohors I Hamiorum sagittariorum in December AD 132, allows a conjecture to be made about the cohort's previous history before its earliest attestation in another diploma for the army of Britain, of AD 122. The suggestion is that it had participated in Trajan's Dacian Wars, had been based in Moesia Inferior and had been brought to Britain in AD 118 to reinforce the army there, weakened by a revolt. In the remainder of the article the famous metrical poem at the cohort's base on Hadrian's Wall, in honour of the Virgo Caelestis, identified with the Syrian Goddess, is discussed. It is argued that there is no basis for the view, still repeatedly propagated (in spite of cogent rebuttals), that the dedicator identified the goddess with the empress Julia Domna.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 17 –30 (2012)More Less
The dating of the careers of M. Maenius Agrippa and T. Pontius Sabinus, both of whom participated in an expeditio Britannica during the reign of Hadrian, remains uncertain. The case for the expeditio being the known visit of the Emperor to Britain in 122 or an otherwise unattested occasion later in the reign is considered in relation to new archaeological evidence from the fort at Maryport where Maenius Agrippa was based. The possibility that the well-known series of dedications to IOM at Maryport could relate to either of the days when the Roman army took the annual oath of allegiance to the emperor is discussed.
Author Edward DabrowaSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 31 –42 (2012)More Less
The symbol of Cleopatra Selene : reading crocodiles on coins in the late Republic and early PrincipateAuthor Jane DraycottSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 43 –56 (2012)More Less
This article offers an explanation for the sudden appearance of the image of a crocodile on certain, specific Roman coin issues in the last years of the Republic, and its reappearance in the early years of the Principate. It will suggest that the crocodile was specifically selected for Cleopatra Selene by Cleopatra VII, and that this selection was intended to recall a significant event that occurred at the foundation of the Ptolemaic dynasty, comprising part of a wider strategy of reconstituting the empire of Ptolemy I Soter and Ptolemy II Philadelphos. As a result, the image was subsequently utilised on Octavian's gold and silver AEGVPTO CAPTA coinage, the bronze Nemausus coinage, and the coinage of Juba II of Mauretania, all of which either alluded to, or directly referred to, Cleopatra Selene.
Author John HiltonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 57 –68 (2012)More Less
In the Aithiopika Heliodoros provides precise and copious details about the opening ceremonies and sacrifices at the Pythian Games at Delphi at which his hero, Theagenes, and heroine, Charikleia, first meet. The date of composition of this narrative is some time in the 4th century CE; the dramatic date is almost a millennium earlier (during the Persian occupation of Egypt), but the description itself is Homeric. The events are described by a narratological focaliser, the exiled Egyptian priest Kalasiris, who informs his narratee, the young Athenian Knemon, of the religious rites of purification in honour of Neoptolemos that preceded the games. This paper examines the ideological reasons for this elaborate fictional reconstruction of the cult of Neoptolemos at Delphi by a fourth-century CE Syrian author from Emesa and the relevance of this account to the attempt of Heliodoros' contemporary, the Roman emperor Julian, to revive paganism within the Roman Empire.
Author Lawrence KeppieSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 69 –82 (2012)More Less
An altar to the Mother Goddesses is reported in the later 17th century at or near Castlecary, Stirlingshire, Scotland, on the line of the Antonine Wall between Forth and Clyde. The Rev. John Horsley, the last antiquary to view it, saw two fragments which he believed came from separate altars, an interpretation followed by subsequent commentators. This paper, drawing upon early written and visual records, puts the case for the fragments, now lost, as belonging to a single altar.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 83 –98 (2012)More Less
Legionary centurions have been well studied; this has not been the case of their colleagues serving in auxiliary units, and publications about decurions are fewer still. In Africa, decurions are known from two alae, four cohortes equitatae and one numerus, centurions from six cohorts and two numeri. They had the same duties as legionaries, with their own careers. Most of them had Roman names, and some, when veterans, became town councillors. Their respect for their chief, the emperor, and for Roman deities emerges from the inscriptions they left.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 99 –117 (2012)More Less
Jasper Heywood was the first to translate into English and publish a complete tragedy of Seneca. His first, Troas, was followed by Thyestes and Hercules Furens. All three translations were reprinted in the famous 1581 edition by Thomas Newton of Seneca His Tenne Tragedies. This paper investigates the way in which Heywood dealt with the Latin originals, from the free version of Troas, to the more literal translation of Hercules Furens. The analysis reveals a pioneering translator experimenting with form and language.
Author Everett L. WheelerSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 119 –154 (2012)More Less
The paper sketches what is known of the classis Pontica from its establishment in 64 with the annexation of Pontus until its disappearance in the 3rd century, when a Roman naval presence in the eastern Euxine vanishes. Trajan probably transferred the fleet's base from Trapezus to Sinope in conjunction with preparations for his Parthian war (114-17). The classis Pontica became the only praetorian fleet stationed in the Euxine. Its title Severiana may reflect distinguished service against Pescennius Niger in 193-194. As Josephus (BJ 2.366-67) erroneously transferred Euxine piracy of the Augustan era into a late Neronian context, changes in the defensive arrangements for eastern Anatolia, not piracy, motivated the fleet's creation. Josephus' 3000 hoplites pacifying the Euxine are a misinterpretation of a legionary vexillation that suppressed Anicetus' revolt in 69.
Author Robert CowanSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 155 –163 (2012)More Less
There is little consensus about any aspect of this graffito scratched onto a theatre wall at Tarracina. Its syntax, subject and tone have all been interpreted in radically divergent ways. The initial Publi has been taken as an abbreviated form of Publius with apocope of the final s, and hence the subject of occubuit, or as a vocative, entailing though it does a harsh anacoluthon from second-person address to third-person description.
Author Richard WhitakerSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 165 –167 (2012)More Less
In an article in the previous issue of this journal, I drew attention to the existence of a Classical Association of South Africa (CASA) in 1908, much earlier than had hitherto been thought. The Association's President was William Ritchie, Professor of Classics at the South African College, which later became the University of Cape Town.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 169 –172 (2012)More Less
One of South Africa's most prolific and respected Latinists, Jo-Marie Claassen, is an important voice in the current re-evaluation of Ovid's exile poetry, to which the twenty years of essays, articles and reviews repackaged here in one volume alongside extra scholarly material and translations, bear witness. Yet if recent scholarship has begun to fixate on Ovid exsul and his relationship with other Ovidian personae - playful love poet, erotic praeceptor, Roman vates and epicist - it is merely a belated recognition by classicists that Ovid's afterlife in literature has always been dominated by his evocation of the state of banishment, especially in the 20th century work of Seamus Heaney, Derek Walcott, Osip Mandelstam, Ann Carson and Christopher Ransmayr.
Author Jo-Marie ClaassenSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 172 –178 (2012)More Less
This book is aimed at showing the intricate nuancing of a sense of self of Classics scholars with different backgrounds in the South African context. This, inevitably, comes with two corollaries: the political views of its subjects and their respective positioning with regard to race and racism.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 178 –182 (2012)More Less
These notes serve to complement the review by Jo-Marie Claassen.
In the 'Introduction' (7-19) Michael Lambert starts with the assumption that the study of Classics in South Africa, like other disciplines, has been 'deeply embedded in the power relations, which have existed and continue to exist between the different races' (7). He sets his purpose in its theoretical framework, duly noting that identities, while largely determined 'by the discourses into which we are situated' (8), also have their element of rational choice. But he chooses to limit the theoretical comments and focuses rather on Aeschylus' Suppliants as a case study, illustrating issues of identity relating to migrants, refugees and a xenophobic host community.
Philologischer, historischer und liturgischer Kommentar zum 8. Buch der Johannis des Goripp nebst kritischer Edition und Übersetzung, Peter Riedlberger : reviewSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 183 –184 (2012)More Less
This book does not deal with a work or a poet central to the study of Latin literature, but deserves attention as it is the product of meticulous and wide-ranging research and is presented in an innovative way which makes the scholarly findings more accessible. As the title indicates, this is a commentary on Book 8 of the epic Iohannis by the North African poet Corippus, henceforth to be called Gorippus, as Riedlberger persuasively argues is his correct name.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 184 –188 (2012)More Less
The scope of this volume well justifies its appearance in what some may feel is an over-traded 'handbook' market. For it covers its field, Macedonia, way beyond its customary classical periods with Carolyn Snively's chapter 'Macedonia in Late Antiquity' (545-71) and the treatment of contemporary Balkan politics in Loring Danforth's 'Ancient Macedonia, Alexander the Great and the Star or Sun of Vergina: National Symbols and the Conflict between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia' (572-98); and it ranges beyond the familiar boundaries by offering very useful complementary chapters on Thessaly, Illyria, Epirus and Thrace.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 55, pp 189 –190 (2012)More Less