n Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - The in Britain

Volume 55, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0065-1141
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A newly published military diploma, probably found in the Balkans, issued to a veteran of the in December AD 132, allows a conjecture to be made about the cohort's previous history before its earliest attestation in another diploma for the army of Britain, of AD 122. The suggestion is that it had participated in Trajan's Dacian Wars, had been based in Moesia Inferior and had been brought to Britain in AD 118 to reinforce the army there, weakened by a revolt. In the remainder of the article the famous metrical poem at the cohort's base on Hadrian's Wall, in honour of the Virgo Caelestis, identified with the Syrian Goddess, is discussed. It is argued that there is no basis for the view, still repeatedly propagated (in spite of cogent rebuttals), that the dedicator identified the goddess with the empress Julia Domna.

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