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- Volume 57, Issue 1, 2014
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Volume 57, Issue 1, 2014
Volumes & issues
Volume 57, Issue 1, 2014
Author Michael LambertSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 1 –15 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.015731/AClass.057.01More Less
The purpose of teaching the Humanities and, in particular, the Classics, in a post-colonial African context, has been the subject of intense debate within South African and African universities. In this paper, I contribute to this debate by considering how the University of Ibadan in Nigeria has appropriated the classical tradition in a post-colonial context, and what classicists in South Africa can learn from the Ibadan exemplum. A brief discussion of the complex patron-client relationships, which underpin the survival of a strong Department of Classics at Ibadan, is intended to suggest how local cultural politics, inextricably linked to the history of the institution and the department, will affect the transformation of the curricula within African universities. Departments of Classics at South African universities will have to negotiate their own paths to transformation as they reflect on why Classical Studies should continue to be taught in their specific South African contexts.
Author Philip R. BosmanSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 16 –29 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.02More Less
Plutarch's Life of Alexander 35 consists of a number of sections organised around the discovery of naphtha in Babylonia. Its central episode tells of the near-fatal experiment with a boy whose body caught fire after being smeared with naphtha. This article presents an analysis of the chapter, and in particular of the Stephanus-episode, to show how Plutarch fashions his material to suit his biographical purposes. It is argued that he edits his sources in accordance with how he wishes to portray his protagonist, and deliberately inserts metaphorical allusions into the story to make it serve as a portent of the disastrous interaction between Alexander's character type and the climate of Babylonia. Finally, the story is positioned within the biographical narrative so as to herald the post-acme phase of Alexander's career.
Bestial or human lusts? The representation of the matron and her sexuality in Apuleius, Metamorphoses 10.19.3-22.5Author Susan HaskinsSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 30 –52 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.03More Less
The bestiality episode in Apuleius' Metamorphoses (10.19.3-22.5) is unique in extant Latin literature and has generated interest among scholars as to why Apuleius included it. These studies have centred on the main character, Lucius, and the relationship between this episode and the broader theme of animal/human duality throughout the novel. However, the function of the woman in the episode has tended to be subsumed into these discussions. The question of whether or not the woman of the bestiality episode is exercising bestial or human lusts is important in interpreting the women in the novel in general. She therefore needs a study devoted to her and the representation of her sexuality. This study will show that, in her case, her lust for an ass is human rather than bestial, and this illustrates the wider issues in the novel concerning the insatiability of female sexual nature and the dangers (from the male point of view) of female control over their own sexuality.
Author Nikolaos KarkaveliasSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 53 –75 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.04More Less
The exact sequence of events in the winter of 412/411 BC and their correlation, as they are narrated by Thucydides, are unclear and have long been a matter of scholarly dispute. In this paper an attempt is made to re-examine Pisander's first mission to Athens. Taking into account major problems concerning the chronology of winter 412/411 in particular and the dating of events in the 5th century in general, as well as the patterns along which the Athenian state machinery operated, a new timetable of Pisander's visit and the subsequent debates in the assembly is proposed. More importantly, it is argued that the oligarchic conspirators on Samos deliberately delayed the dispatch of the delegation which Pisander headed, because such a delay served their goals and tactics at the time.
Author Mark Kirby-HirstSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 76 –104 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.05More Less
Philostratus' Heroikos is a dialogue between a vinedresser, tending the sanctuary of the hero, Protesilaos, and a Phoenician merchant. By reading this dialogue in tandem with the Vita Apollonii, which includes several notable instances engaging with the hero-cult, Philostratus' opinion of this traditional form of Greek worship, and of the Eastern mystery cults as well, becomes clear. Philostratus initially expresses his displeasure at the religious status quo of his time through his character of Apollonius of Tyana, a time when mystery cultism was beginning to overthrow the ancient rites of the Olympian deities with its individualistic approach to belief. This article argues that together, these two works provide evidence of a call by Philostratus to renew the worship of the old Homeric heroes as a viable replacement for the declining rites of the Olympian gods, and as an attack on mystery rites as foreign intrusions on the religious landscape.
Author Jeffrey MurraySource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 105 –126 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.06More Less
Recent research on the history of Classical scholarship and education in South Africa has neglected the role that women have played in their development. This article seeks to begin to fill this lacuna by surveying some of the experiences of women involved in Classical education at Huguenot College, Wellington, an institution founded by the Dutch Reformed Church moderator, Andrew Murray, and modelled on Mount Holyoke Seminary in Connecticut. The focus of the article will be on the years between 1898 and 1950, and will also include brief biographies of some of the women who were trained or who taught at this institution.
Author Alan J. RossSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 127 –154 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.07More Less
Although the emperor Julian appears as the dominant character within the extant portion of Ammianus Marcellinus' Res Gestae, Ammianus' relationship with Julian's writings has rarely been investigated. This article argues that Ammianus models aspects of his description of the siege of Amida in 359 upon the narrative of the siege of Nisibis in 350 in Julian's two panegyrics to Constantius. Ammianus' intertextuality with Julian is designed to provide a subtle denigration of Constantius by offering a corrective reading of Constantius' most notable military triumph against the Persian king Sapor.
Author Federico RussoSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 155 –164 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.08More Less
A comparison of two excerpts from Julius Rufinianus and Quintilian permits a better comprehension of the juridical aspect of the trial in which Cicero delivered the Pro Tullio. In addition, analysis of these texts suggests that both Quintilian and Julius Rufinianus consulted, among other sources, Cicero's Pro Tullio for their works.
Author John WalshSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 165 –183 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.09More Less
The Aristotelian concept of dunasteia encompasses both the ideas of 'power' and 'narrow oligarchy'. The term dunasteia in the latter sense is of limited application to the Macedonian state. Through an examination of contemporary texts, we can see how Alexander would have understood dunasteia. There was one limited instance in which dunasteia could have applied to the Macedonian state: times of succession crises and the period after Alexander's death when the Macedonian empire was ruled by a narrow clique.
Author Samuel ZakowskiSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 184 –224 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.10More Less
This article analyses the distribution of the modal enclitic άν in the homilies Adversus Iudaeos by John Chrysostom. The main question is whether άν has narrow syntactic scope (i.e. belongs to the verb syntactically) or wide syntactic scope (i.e. belongs to the clause syntactically). I argue that the clues provided by its distribution (mainly its tendency towards P2 position) seem to point in the direction of the wide scope analysis.
Author R.J. EvansSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 225 –232 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.11More Less
Strabo states that Sybaris was situated between the Crathis and Sybaris rivers and had walls which extended for fifty stadia (5.7 miles or 9.2 kilometres), and that a war between this city and Croton, lasting just seventy days, resulted in its complete destruction. The ancient sources, such as they are, are unanimous in their estimation that this community was destroyed on account of its citizens' addiction to a luxurious lifestyle and for an utter disregard for the gods (Strabo 6.1.13; Athenaeus 12.521c-f).
Author D. FutterSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 233 –240 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.12More Less
Socrates is likened to a bull in the moments before his death (Phd. 117b5). This bull simile is not adequately rendered in the majority of English translations and is largely overlooked in the scholarship. The present paper argues that Socrates is being depicted as a bull going willingly to the sacrifice.
Author John HiltonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 241 –245 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.13More Less
It is well known that the Aethiopica of Heliodorus continued to be read throughout the late Greek and Byzantine periods. Besides short biographical notices of the author by church historians such as Socrates (Hist. Eccl. 5.22) and Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos (Hist. Eccl. 12.34), there are, inter alia, an allegorical interpretation of the novel of uncertain date (5th or 12th century) and authorship (the author calls himself 'Philip the Philosopher' in the text, but this does not adequately identify him), a couple of short references to the novel in the 9th century by Photius (Bib. cod. 50a, 73b),3 a comparison between Heliodorus and Achilles Tatius by Michael Psellus in the 11th century, and an allegorical protheoria by Johannes Eugenikos in the 15th.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 246 –248 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.14More Less
In her recently published book, Black Odysseys, Justine McConnell writes illuminatingly about the Homeric Odyssey as an intertext in Aimé Césaire's 'landmark poem for anticolonialism', Cahier d'un Retour au Pays Natal. In particular, McConnell discusses 'a pivotal episode of the poem' in which the narrator encounters an ugly poverty-stricken black man on a tram and is complicit with others in laughing at him. Given that the narrator of Cahier is cast as a kind of Odysseus returning (if only in imagination) to the land of his birth, McConnell rightly takes the black man he encounters to be a Cyclops figure, whom the narrator regards as a loathsome 'Other', just as Odysseus regarded the monstrous Polyphemus in Odyssey 9.
Author Peter N. BellSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 249 –252 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.15More Less
Reviewing Averil Cameron's latest book is a challenge. Yes, it isimpressively short (less than 120 pages of text - and small pages at that) and clearly written. It is exceptionally stimulating. But, notwithstanding those subjects the author passes over, it remains dense; fully to grasp its arguments requires a depth of knowledge that few readers, if they are honest, are likely to possess.
Classics in the Modern World. A Democratic Turn?, Lorna Hardwick and Stephen Harrison (Eds.) : reviewsAuthor Fiona HobdenSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 253 –259 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.16More Less
For a collection of written articles, Classics in the Modern World is highly conversational. This is partly due to its origins in a preliminary e-seminar and follow-up conference on the 'democratic turn' in modern engagements with Classical Antiquity. Not only are questions that arose within these initial forums re-presented in the 'Introduction' (Hardwick and Harrison, pp. xix-xxxvii), but they are directly and indirectly raised throughout the volume's thirty contributions. Moreover, the very frame is interrogative. The content of the volume is diverse, with case studies drawn from a broad array of periods and settings and Classical receptions that might seem quite detached. Yet the question mark in the title - A Democratic Turn? - makes each individual argument a new contribution to a live debate. Whether dipping in or working more methodically through the book, the reader joins the evaluation of how Classics in modern settings might possess a democratic quality.
Author Tom GeueSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 260 –263 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.17More Less
Few people could have written this book. Perhaps even fewer would have. Gregory Hutchinson has mustered his encyclopaedic mastery of Classical literature and unleashed a magnum opus. Like all such monuments, readers will either stand transfixed, or resent an eyesore encroaching into valuable peripheral vision. Like it or lump it - notice it you must.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 263 –267 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.18More Less
A further volume in the fine OUP 'Classical Presences' series, McConnell's book deals with the work of creative artists of ultimately African descent who respond each in their own way to the Homeric Odyssey. McConnell focusses above all on issues of identity and homecoming, the search by people of the African diaspora for a place within the postcolonial world.
Classical Victorians: Scholars, Scoundrels and Generals in Pursuit of Antiquity. Classics after Antiquity, E. Richardson : reviewsAuthor J.L. HiltonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 267 –272 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.19More Less
This is the first volume in the series 'Classics after Antiquity' edited by Alastair Blanshard, Shane Butler and Emily Greenwood. The editors describe it as 'a series that aims to unsettle, provoke debate and, above all, stimulate a re-evaluation of assumptions about the relationship between Greek and Roman classical pasts and modern histories' (p. xi). This Richardson's contribution certainly does, but, while it gathers a wealth of sensational material pertinent to the analysis of the Victorian obsession with the Classics, it also frustrates and at times annoys the reader because of its loose punctuation, overly indulgent rhetorical style and the use of suggestive allusion that borders on Tacitus's use of innuendo and that is, in places, entirely unwarranted (more on these points later).
Author Mathura UmachandranSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 57, pp 272 –276 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.057.20More Less
'Classical Presences', a radical if sometimes uneven series from Oxford University Press, has done much in recent years to open up the horizons of the discipline of Classics. The latest in the series by Phiroze Vasunia ought to be considered a valuable contribution. In a nutshell, Vasunia explores how the discipline of Classics and the British Empire in India profoundly shaped one another. This complex and shifting relationship is traced through the study of institutions and individuals. The imagination and breadth of scholarship on display here promise many further lines of enquiry. The qualms expressed in this review are therefore minor and should not detract from the overall recommendation to anyone interested in the history of the British in India or the history of Classics to consider carefully the material and arguments presented here.