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- Volume 58, Issue 1, 2015
Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa - Volume 58, Issue 1, 2015
Volumes & issues
Volume 58, Issue 1, 2015
Author John AtkinsonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 1 –26 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.01More Less
The graph? paranomōn appeared after ostracism was abandoned, and the graph? and its variant, the graph? nomon m? epit?deion theinai (prosecution for having introduced a law that was inexpedient) were developed in the aftermath of the restoration of democracy in 403, and the revision of the code of laws. When Hansen wrote that the majority of the known cases, being simply challenges to honorific decrees, were 'without any political or constitutional importance whatsoever', this was misleading at the statistical level and required the texts to be considered more carefully in their historical context. The high incidence of indictments and the relative youth of many of the prosecutors suggest that this was a field where young politicians could be blooded. The procedures were not those of a judicial review, but added a level of protection to the workings of the assembly. It was said that the graph? paranomōn was essential to the preservation of the democracy. Indeed, the two procedures were set aside in 317.
Author Lee FratantuonoSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 27 –46 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.02More Less
Catullus' hymn to Diana (Carm. 34) has several affinities with his galliambic Carm. 63, the Attis poem. Close investigation of parallels between these works demonstrates the poet's concern with the problem of the transition from a Trojan past to an Italian present for the construction of a Roman identity, a problem that can be typified by the relationship of the Italian Diana and the Trojan mother goddess Cybele. Further, certain aspects of Catullus' depiction of the tension inherent to the synergy of the two goddesses in the religious identity of Rome can be seen to have influenced the climactic revelation of the future Roman identity in the closing movements of the Virgilian Aeneid.
Author William HendersonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 47 –69 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.03More Less
This article discusses Solon's use of elemental imagery, that is, imagery that involves the elements of the inanimate natural world or cosmos. A century after Solon, Empedocles (c. 490-c. 430), developed the theory of the four constituent elements of the cosmos: earth, air, fire, water. The 'cosmology' with which Solon was familiar was that of Homer and Hesiod, but he was almost certainly also aware of the theories of his contemporaries, the natural philosophers of Ionia during the 6th century BC, and may even have influenced their ideas. They were already conceiving the universe in terms of these elements. It is therefore not surprising to encounter these elements in his poetry, albeit mainly as imagery. The texts examined are: Frr. 13 W (1 G-P) 14-15: fire; 36 W (30 G-P) 3-7 and 43 W (37 G-P): earth; 9 W (12 G-P) 1-4 and 12 W (13 G-P): water, sea, snow and hail; and 13 W (1 G-P) 16-25: air or wind.
Author Llewellyn HowesSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 70 –110 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.04More Less
This article examines the parable of the loyal and wise slave in Q 12:42-46 by considering the ancient institution of agricultural slavery. Particular attention will be given to the managers of ancient slave-run farms, who were at times also slaves themselves. Methodologically, each verse of the parable will be read against the background of the ancient institution of agricultural slavery. The aim is not to interpret the metaphorical meaning of the parable, but merely to contextualise and illuminate its literal meaning.
Author Sean McConnellSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 111 –145 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.05More Less
There has been a large amount of scholarly controversy over the precise nature of the motivations at play in the Epicurean accounts of justice and friendship, and whether any form of altruism or other-concern is compatible with Epicurean hedonist ethics. This paper addresses this tension between self- and other-concern from a novel angle, by examining the motivations behind Epicurean educational practice. What emerges is a rather complex motivational picture that reaffirms the Epicureans' philosophical commitment to egoism, but at the same time shows it to be more nuanced and sensitive than one might expect given their theoretical postulates and the reaction of ancient critics such as Cicero.
Author Konstantinos Chr. StefouSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 146 –165 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.06More Less
The preamble to Plato's Laches is an integral part of the whole dialogue. It puts forward the fundamental beliefs of Socrates' interlocutors in an intelligent way, while highlighting the ideological confusion caused by their uncritical acceptance of traditional beliefs. Thus, Socrates' interlocutors are brought to an insoluble impasse. Plato offers a way out of this impasse by introducing the figure of Socrates, who emerges as the literary instrument of Plato's criticism of Athens' educational system. Socrates' elenchus shows that the only way to achieve the real benefit, the benefit to the soul, is to lead a life of philosophical activity in pursuit of the truth.
Author D. WardleSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 166 –190 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.07More Less
Against the thesis of Thom, that whenever Tacitus uses the word 'Augustus' in his works, particularly those written before the Annales, its function is to cast doubt on the institution of the principate as well as on the first emperor, this article argues that Augustus is predominantly used as a name rather than an imperial title and that there is no overarching design in Tacitus' uses of the word to denigrate the imperial institution or the first emperor. When Tacitus' references to Augustus are understood with appropriate nuance and with appreciation of the rhetorical or contextual situation in which the author has placed them, differing emphases and lights on the first emperor emerge, as is to be expected from the diversity of those referring to him. No change in Tacitus' use of Augustus and other descriptors of the first emperor is discernible from Tacitus' earliest extant works to his latest.
Imperium suum paulatim destruxit : the concept of moderatio in Valerius Maximus' Facta et dicta memorabilia 4.1Author Heiko WestphalSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 191 –208 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.08More Less
With the majority of its occurrences scattered across Latin literature and mostly lacking situational context, the Roman ethical concept of moderatio is hard to grasp in all its facets. Its fundamental meaning appears to have been the reasonable and prudent use of power, but how moderatio was actually manifested in historical action, how it varied and was defined, and who was expected to display it may still be debated. In his Facta et dicta memorabilia, the Tiberian author Valerius Maximus presents a unique and focussed discussion of the nature and the effects of moderatio (Val. Max. 4.1). The exempla he assembles clearly illustrate the patterns and processes which underlie this highly complex mode of conduct. Based on a thorough analysis of these exempla, this article attempts a definition of moderatio as understood by Valerius. Thus the paper seeks to highlight some of the essential aspects shaping this extraordinary virtue, to explore potential intentions behind its display, and to examine its function within the relationship between the powerful and those on whom their power impacted.
Author Theodore SaboSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 209 –216 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.09More Less
Two often repeated assertions about Plotinus are that he was not interested in mathematics or politics. A recent book has clearly demonstrated his strong attraction to numbers though not necessarily mathematics, but the second theory has not been challenged as seriously as it could be. O'Meara, an expert on Neoplatonic politics, discusses Plato and the later Neoplatonists more than he does Plotinus, yet some unsettling facts remain. Plotinus, after taking part in the emperor Gordian's ill-fated Persian expedition, went to Rome instead of Athens. It is likely that he wanted to avoid any philosophical competition in Athens, but it is also possible that he was to some extent drawn to Roman politics. Most troubling of all is the rationale behind his aborted Platonopolis project.
Author Jeroen W.P. WijnendaeleSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 217 –220 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.10More Less
Doug Lee is a veteran scholar who has already delivered major contributions to the studies of frontiers, warfare, and Christianity in Late Antiquity. For the multi-authored Edinburgh series, however, he probably drew the short straw. In merely 300 pages Lee is forced to cover two centuries from the death of Julian to the death of Justinian (AD 363-565). The late fourth century and early sixth century, respectively, are exceptionally well documented, at least according to the standards of ancient history, thanks to the rich histories of Ammianus Marcellinus and Procopius, the legal codes, and a plethora of chronicles, letters, panegyrics and other writings. There would have been rich pickings for at least two separate volumes. This is all the more remarkable when comparing this volume in this series with Clifford Ando's Imperial Rome AD 193-284, where equal space is given to one of the most poorly documented single centuries in Rome's history. Furthermore, the choice to start the final volume with the death of Julian is a rather unusual one as Lee himself concedes (p. xiii), given that the major turbulent changes setting both halves of the Empire on fundamentally different courses would only come to full fruition with the death of Theodosius I in 395 (a terminal point more widely used, as noticed in the aforementioned works of Bury, Cameron and Moorhead). Lee's choice to end the volume with the death of Justinian is certainly more orthodox, though it could have helped to take the volume up to the death of Heraclius (641) which saw the advent of Islam and the final eclipse of the Ancient World.
Apuleius and Africa, Benjamin Todd Lee, Ellen Finkelpearl and Luca Graverini (Eds.), with a Foreword by Alessandro Barchiesi : reviewsAuthor Regine MaySource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 228 –232 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.12More Less
This volume collects thirteen papers (plus Foreword, Preface and Introduction) originating from a multi-disciplinary conference at Oberlin College in May 2010 on how the North-African Apuleius may have negotiated any conflicts between his Roman, Greek-acculturated and African identities.
Cosmic Order and Divine Power. Pseudo-Aristotle, On the Cosmos. Introduction, Text, Translation and Interpretive Essays, Johan C. Thom (Ed.) : reviewsAuthor A.P. BosSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 232 –237 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.13More Less
This carefully edited publication is devoted to a splendid classical text and deserves attention for many reasons, one of which is given by the editor: 'this volume on De mundo is explicitly interdisciplinary by nature, bringing together contributions from scholars from a broad spectrum of disciplines and specialisations which focus on specific topics, each from its own disciplinary perspective' (p. vii). Five of the eight essays deal with the reception of the work, which had a remarkable impact in later times.
The Politics of Adaptation: Contemporary African Drama and Greek Tragedy, Astrid van Weyenberg : reviewsAuthor K.J. WetmoreSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 237 –240 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.14More Less
Van Weyenberg (Literary Studies, University of Amsterdam), in an introduction and four chapters examines contemporary African adaptations of Greek tragedies in context. Wisely asking at the beginning, how a scholar can 'examine critically a tradition from a position within that tradition' (p. xviii), she considers the complex relationship between a work of art and the sociopolitical context in which it is created. In particular, she is interested in examining how these adaptations demonstrate 'Greek tragedy's potential to inspire and dramatize political change' by dramatising resistance and revolution, and how other adaptations 'reflect on the after-math of such transitional moments' (p. 1).
Author B. KytzlerSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 241 –242 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.15More Less
Storytelling and Song in Flavian Epic is the title of Anke Walter's doctoral dissertation (Heidelberg, Germany 2011), which appeared in a refashioned form in Germany in 2014. Discussed are the Argonautica of Valerius Flaccus (pp. 10-110), the Thebais of Statius (pp. 112-239) and the Punica of Silius Italicus (pp. 240-331). The book is rounded off by a 'Schluss-betrachtung' ('Conclusion', pp. 332-50), a Bibliography (pp. 351-69) and two Indices, one of quoted lines (pp. 370-88) and the other of 'Sachen' ('objects', pp. 389-93). As 'objects' we find individual names such as 'Achilles' and 'Zeus' and also termini technici such as 'Brudermord' and 'Bürgerkrieg', damnatio memoriae and 'Vogelschau'. In the bibliography we miss some central publications, such as A.J. Boyle and W.J. Dominik (edd.), Flavian Rome - Culture, Image, Text (Leiden and Boston 2003); or P. Bilde, Flavius Josephus between Jerusalem and Rome (Sheffield 1988); or F. Delarue et al. (edd.), Epicedion. Homages à P.P. Statius (Poitiers 1996).
Suetonius: Life of Augustus. Translation with Introduction and Historical Commentary, D. Wardle : reviewsAuthor Arthur J. PomeroySource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 242 –244 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.16More Less
Suetonius' Life of Augustus is not only the longest of the lives of the Caesars, but also the most important for the details preserved in the biography. Wardle has done it full justice with a 40-page introduction and nearly 500 pages of small print commentary that detail parallel accounts in the likes of Velleius, Tacitus, Appian and Dio, and elucidate historical and archaeological details. The Bibliography occupies 25 pages, the Index 10 more. Suffice it to say that this is a work of reference that is likely to be the first port of call on the subject for many years to come.
Source: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 245 –246 (2015)More Less
A Companion to the Ancient Novel. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, E.P. Cueva and S. Byrne (Eds.) : reviewsAuthor John HiltonSource: Acta Classica : Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 58, pp 2202 –228 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.15731/AClass.058.11More Less
The purpose of this new collection of recent work on the ancient novel, is, in the words of its editors, to assemble 'different perspectives and interpretations on a wide variety of topics in a manageable way to serve as a suitable introduction for readers new to the genre' (p. 1). More experienced readers of the ancient novels are not neglected either, however, since the book also aims to articulate 'the perplexities [of ancient narrative fiction] that have challenged scholars since ... the nineteenth century' (ibid.). The collection proceeds to achieve these two aims incrementally, beginning with some new surveys of the main authors of the Greek and Roman novel, the fragments, Menippean satire, and early Christian narratives in Part 1 (pp. 11-198), moving on to touch on the issues of genre (Part 2, pp. 199-272) and intertextuality (Part 3, pp. 273-424), and concluding with some special themes and topics (Part 4, pp. 425-597). This is not to say that Parts 1-2 avoid new topics entirely, however, since Graham Anderson's discussion of 'The management of dialogue in ancient fiction', pp. 217-30, for example, discusses a new aspect of ancient narrative fiction. Parts 3-4 entirely avoid the old and familiar - indeed, given the rate of publication in this field, it would be unreasonable to expect otherwise. The reader is warned that there is much recycling of what is already well known in this volume, especially the inevitable plot summaries, but it would be difficult for such a weighty tome as this not to have any new things to say about the ancient novel and related genres, and in this respect it does not disappoint. Perhaps the greatest virtue of the collection is that it brings together the standard introductory information on the ancient novel, for which Gareth Schmeling's The Novel in the Ancient World (Leiden 1996, reissued in 2003) has come to be relied on, and the more sophisticated theoretical approach of Tim Whitmarsh's The Cambridge Companion to the Greek and Roman Novel (Cambridge 2008). In keeping with this blending of old and new, Cueva and Byrne have assembled a good mix of established scholars and fresh voices in the field, with the former rather outweighing the latter, although some established names are absent.