Codicillus - Volume 47, Issue 2, 2006
Volume 47, Issue 2, 2006
Author Silas MothupiSource: Codicillus 47, pp 1 –14 (2006)More Less
Ukusuka ngo-1994, uhulumeni waseRiphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika ubelokhu ethatha amagxathu engunquko anomthelela ezinhlanganweni ezithile zikahulumeni, ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene. Ezobulungiswa ikakhulukazi beziyisihloko samaprojekthi ahlukehlukene enguquko njengoba esanda kuphakanyiswa nguMnyango wezobuLungiswa. Njengoba ukuguqulwa kohlelo lwezobulungiswa kudingwa nguMthethomsisekelo, umbuzo umi njengoba kulandela: Yiziphi izinyathelo okumele zithathwe ukuqinisekisa ukuthi inguquko ayibeki esimweni esingesihle ezinye izinhlangano zikahulumeni ezibaluleke ngokulinganayo, kanye namanye amagugu abalulekile anjengokwenzelwa obala kwezinto, ukuba nesibopho sokumela izinto kanye nokuzimela kwezezobulungiswa? Yini okumele yenziwe ukuphinda kugxilwe noma ukuguqula usiko lwezomthetho, ukubukwa kwezinto, ukusetshenziswa komqondo ukwakha isithombe sokuthile kanye nezindlela zomthetho ezisetshenziswayo kwezobulungiswa?
Since 1994, the government of the Republic of South Africa has been embarking on transformative measures that affect certain government institutions in various ways. The judiciary in particular has been the subject of various transformative projects as recently proposed by the Department of Justice. Since transformation of the judicial system is required by the Constitution, the question is as follows: What steps should be taken to ensure that the transformation does not compromise other equally important institutions of government and other important values such as transparency, accountability and the independence of the judiciary? What should be done to refocus or change the legal culture, attitude, imagination and legal methods of the judiciary?
Author Joan ChurchSource: Codicillus 47, pp 15 –23 (2006)More Less
Umbhali uveza imibono ethile mayelana nalokho okuqukethwe ngumqondo wenkambiso elungile yokuziphatha. Uxoxa ngezindaba eziphathelene nenkambiso elungile yokuziphatha kanye nomsebenzi wabezomthetho kanye nezinkinga ezenzekayo eziphathelene nokuziphatha ngokwenkambiso elungile kwabafundele ezomthetho. Uphetha ngemicabango anayo ngendawo yeNkambiso eLungile ezifundweni zomthetho.
The author shares some thoughts on what is meant by ethics. She discusses issues regarding ethics and the legal profession and practical problems in relation to ethical conduct by legal professionals. She concludes with thoughts on the place of Ethics in the curricula of law schools.
Author Neetu ChettySource: Codicillus 47, pp 24 –45 (2006)More Less
Ukudlwengulwa kuyisehlakalo esilimazayo ngokomzimba, imizwa nangokwengqondo kumuntu ohlukunyeziwe osemncane. Kepha ngaphandle kobufakazi bezokwelashwa, ukutholwa enecala komenzi wesehlakalo leso kwencike ikakhulukazi ebufakazini obunembayo bengane leyo ehlukunyeziwe obethulwa enkantolo. Umbhali ubheka isisekelo esilimazanayo esigxile kusisekelo esingumlando somthetho othi izinkantolo kumele ziqaphele lapho zibheka ubufakazi bezinhlobo ezithile zofakazi, abuye acubungule ukuthi ngabe izinkantolo zaseNingizimu Afrika ziyaphinda yini zihlukumeze lowo osehlukumezekile ngokudlwengulwa kwakhe eyingane, ngokusebenzisa kwazo umthetho lowo ebufakazini bakhe. Umbhali ugcizelela ukubaluleka kwababambi beqhaza abafanele ohlelweni olubhekele ezobulungiswa nezobelelesi ngalokho bavikele ngempumelelo ohlukumezeke ngokudlwengulwa eyingane, kanye nokuvimbela ukulimala okunye kohlukumezekile. Lapho kungekho ukuvikeleka okunjalo umuntu ohlukumezeke ngokudlwengulwa eyingane angesebenzi kahle enkantolo ngenxa yokungalwethembi uhlelo lwezobulungiswa nezobulelesi. Umbhali ucubungula ukusebenza ngempumelelo kwe-ss 170A no-158 zeCriminal Procedure Act 51 ka-1977, ukuqophisana okukhona phakathi kwalezi zigaba ezimbili nokwehluleka kwazo ukunikeza ithuba lokukhetha elifanayo kwabahlukunyezwe ukudlwengulwa beyizingane, lokuba banikeze ubufakazi endaweni engenakwesatshiswa nokunye ukulimala.
Rape is a physically, emotionally and psychologically traumatic experience for a young victim. But for medical evidence, the conviction of the perpetrator depends largely on the accurate testimony of the child victim in court. The author considers the prejudicial historical basis of the cautionary rule and examines whether the South African courts revictimise the victim of child rape by stringently applying the cautionary rule to his or her testimony. The author emphasises the importance of the relevant role players in the criminal-justice system effectively protecting the victim of child rape, and of preventing further trauma to the victim. In the absence of such protection the victim of child rape may perform poorly in court because of a lack of faith in the criminal-justice system. The author analyses the effectiveness of ss 170A and 158 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977, the contradictions that exist between these two sections and their failure to provide a uniform option to victims of child rape to testify in an environment free of intimidation and further trauma.
Author Anton WelgemoedSource: Codicillus 47, pp 46 –57 (2006)More Less
Lo mbhalo ubhekene nokuhanjiswa kwezinto ezinobungozi ezeqiswa imingcele ngaphakathi kwezifunda zeSouthern African Development Community (SADC) ne-European Union (EU). Umbhali uqhathanisa imithetho eshayiwe nemitheshwana ephethe ukuhanjiswa kwezinto ezinobungozi ezeqiswa imingcele ezifundeni ezimbili. Ucwaningo lukhombise ukuthi ukuthuthwa ngendlela ephephile kwezinto ezinobungozi kwencike hhayi kuphela ezixazululweni zomthetho eziyimpumelelo, kepha nasekubambisaneni okwenziwa ngokuzithandela phakathi kwamazwe. Yize izindawo ezahlukahlukene zichaza isigejana samagama esithi "izinto ezinobungozi" ngokwehlukana, zihlanganiswa yinhloso efanayo yokuhanjiswa ngokuphepha kwezinto ezinobungozi. Le nhloso itholakala kumazwe ngamazwe, kanye nasesifundeni se- SADC.
This article deals with the transboundary transport of hazardous material within the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and European Union (EU) regions. The author compares the legislation and regulations that govern the transboundary transport of hazardous material in the two regions. The study has shown that the safe transportation of hazardous material is dependent on not only effective legal remedies, but also voluntary cooperation between countries. Although the various jurisdictions define the term 'hazardous material' differently, they are united by the common purpose of the safe transportation of the hazardous material. This purpose obtains internationally, as well as in the SADC region.
Author Herman WildenboerSource: Codicillus 47, pp 58 –65 (2006)More Less
Kulo mbhalo kuqhakanjiswa amaphuzu ehlukahlukene abalulekile mayelana nokuphenywa kwezingozi nezehlakalo ezibandakanya izindiza. Ukubaluleka kwalolu daba kwesekelwa yiqiniso lukuthi izingozi nezehlakalo ezinjalo zingahle zibe nomphumela obucayi ongahlosiwe, ongahle udale isixakaxaka nongalindelwe kwezobunjiniyela, ezomthetho nakwezomthetho imbala. Kuhloswe ngawo ukubeka amabalengwe ngezingqinamba ezithile, hhayi ukucubungula kabanzi wonke amabangana afanele. Izingozi nezehlakalo ezibandakanya izindiza ezibhaliswe eNingizimu Afrika nakwamanye amazwe nezibhaliswe kwamanye amazwe ezingaphakathi komhlaba weRiphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika, ziyaphenywa yiSouth African Civil Aviation Authority, okungumsebenzi wayo phakathi kokunye, ukuphenya izingozi nezehlakalo zokundizayo ezingaphakathi kweRiphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika. Kubuywe kubhekwe nesimo mayelana nezingozi ezenzeka ngaphandle kwemingcele yaseNingizimu Afrika ezibandakanya izindiza ezibhaliswe eNingizimu Afrika.
In this article, various important aspects in respect of the investigation of aircraft accidents and incidents are highlighted. The importance of this issue is underlined by the fact that such accidents or incidents may have serious engineering, technical, legal and even political ramifications and repercussions. It is intended to give a broad overview of certain issues, and not to provide a detailed study of all the relevant facets. Accidents and incidents involving South African and foreign-registered aircraft within the territory of the Republic of South Africa are investigated by the South African Civil Aviation Authority, whose task it is to inter alia investigate aviation accidents and incidents within the Republic of South Africa. The position regarding accidents involving South African registered aircraft outside the borders of the Republic of South Africa is also dealt with.
Author Aziz Sayeed GaibieSource: Codicillus 47, pp 66 –73 (2006)More Less
EZimbabwe, ngokulandela umyalo wokuthi uma inkantolo ithathe isinqumo esithile lezo zinkantolo ezingaphansi kwayo kufanele zinikeze isinqumo esifanayo uma kudingidwa udaba olufana nalolo, izinqumo ezithathwe ngaphambilini ziyimithombo enegunya yomthetho. Kodwa-ke, ngezinye izikhathi, ngaphansi kwezimo ezithile, iNkantolo eNkulu, njengenkantolo enkulu kunazo zonke eZimbabwe, izoguquka kusinqumo esithile esithathwe ngesikhathi esedlule. Umbhali uveza ukuthi uhlelo lolo lusebenza kanjani nokuthi kungani lusebenza eZimbawe. Umbhali ubona ukuthi icala likaNtini v Masuku, elithathelwe isinqumo yiNkantolo ePhakeme yakwaBulawayo, libeka ukungabaza kulo myalo. Umbhali ucubungula lesi sinqumo, abuye azame ukukhombisa ukuthi okuphawulwe ngamajaji mayelana nohlelo lwezinqumo ezandulelayo akunembi, futhi, ngenxa yomlando yokuguqulwa koMthethosisekelo waseZimbabwe, kumele sibukwe ngokucophelela.
In Zimbabwe, in accordance with the stare decisis doctrine, previous decisions are authoritative sources of law. However, on occasion, under certain circumstances, the Supreme Court, being the most senior court in Zimbabwe, will depart from a particular decision taken previously. The author illustrates how and why the system applies in Zimbabwe. The author is of the opinion that Ntini v Masuku, decided by the Bulawayo High Court, casts a shadow on this doctrine. The author critically analyses this judgment, and tries to show that the comments of the justices in relation to the precedent system are incorrect and, in the light of Zimbabwe's Constitutional amendment history, should be viewed with caution.
The meanings of the concepts of main object, main business and ancillary objects and how these meanings affect ss 33, 34 and 52 of the Companies Act 61 of 1973Author Boaz MankgaSource: Codicillus 47, pp 74 –77 (2006)More Less
Ku-ss 33, 34 no-52 zeCompanies Act 61 ka-1973, kuphawulwa ngamagama athi main object, main business kanye nathi ancillary object. Lezi zigaba ziye zagxekwa ngababhali abaningi, futhi kwaphakanyiswa nezinguquko okumele zenziwe. Umbhali uphakamisa isixazululo sezinkinga ezitholakala kulezi zigaba esesekelwe emqondweni owejwayelekile oqukethwe yilawo magama asetshenzisiwe.
In ss 33, 34 and 52 of the Companies Act 61 of 1973, mention is made of the concepts of main object, main business and ancillary object. These sections have been criticised by many writers, and amendmends have been proposed. The author proposes a solution to the shortcomings found in these sections, based on the ordinary meaning of the concepts used.
Author Marlize Van JaarsveldSource: Codicillus 47, pp 92 –93 (2006)More Less
The law of unfair dismissal forms a pivotal part of employment law, as is illustrated by the many sections of the Labour Relations Act 65 of 1995 that regulate and make provision for the possible fair dismissal of an employee. Accordingly, it is not surprising that various intricacies bearing on fair dismissals often establish a maze of legal principles which in turn make it difficult for individuals to understand the basic principles of this complicated but undeniably important aspect of employment law.
Principles of Contemporary Corporate Governance, Jean Jacques du Plessis, James McConvill and Mikro Bagaric : book reviewAuthor Irene-Marie EsserSource: Codicillus 47, pp 93 –94 (2006)More Less