oa Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa - Nie-verbale gedrag: kommunikasie, toegeskryfde kommunikasie en nie-kommunikasie
One of the major issues surrounding the concept of non-verbal communication is which forms of non-verbal behaviour qualify as communication. It is in this regard that this article strives to formulate some points of departure for a teaching approach to non-verbal communication. The main characteristics of the three most important perspectives relating to non-verbal communication are assessed. By combining certain aspects of the three perspectives, omitting others and adding new perspectives, it is proposed that one can distinguish between communication, ascribed communication and non-communication. Communication behaviour encompasses all forms of intentional or goal directed behaviour, or behaviour for which proof exists that encoding is taking place and is being interpreted as such. Ascribed communication encompasses indicative behaviour upon which conclusions are based, or to which intention or meaning is ascribed. Non-communicative behaviour encompasses non-verbal behaviour which is neither goal-directed nor interpreted as such. Although this distinction should be scientifically refined even further, it may serve as a basis for a descriptionption of non-verbal communication.
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