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- Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa
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- Volume 17, Issue 1, 1998
Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa - Volume 17, Issue 1, 1998
Volumes & issues
Volume 17, Issue 1, 1998
Towards a global knowledge for environmentally sustainable development agenda in 21 st century southern AfricaAuthor Stanford Garikayi MukasaSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 1 –27 (1998)More Less
After three decades of research and theorizing on the information and communication approach to development, there is no universal consensus among researchers, academics, communication practitioners and development experts on the age-Old question: how does communication and information causally relate to development? What has, instead, emerged is an alphabet soup of theories, concepts, approaches, paradigms and models on how information and communication might impact on development. Whether one looks at the various models of information and communication for development; or whatever one calls it, the theories advanced under the various acronyms still do not conclusively address the basic question raised above. Is there a missing link, variable or factor in all of these attempts to causally relate information and communication to development? What assumptions are embedded in the current theories of information and communication for development?
Author Robert A. AgungaSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 28 –48 (1998)More Less
A major concern about African development is not so much that the war on poverty is far from being won but because the practice of development administrators lacks professionalism. Calls for involving beneficiaries in democratic project decision making, for conducting systematic social science research as the basis for external intervention, and for building the capacities of indigenous officials to reduce national dependence on expatriate expertise have gone unheeded. Development policies nowadays are sound but until these are properly carried out poverty eradication will be impossible. The paper argues that it will require development communication expertise to carry out the above policies and hence the need for development support communication experts in development programming. The paper examines the promise DSC has for making projects work better and urges donor agencies to incorporate it into their projects.
Author C.W. MalanSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 49 –87 (1998)More Less
In this survey of approaches to Development Communication (DC) the position is taken that DC, like development itself, should be regarded and studied as part of culture. A cultural perspective is particularly suited to revisit basic DC, communication and cultural concepts that have been obfuscated. Each of these concepts can only be understood within a particular discourse, a framework of meaning-producing and sense making, and here the cultural framing predominates. ""Oldï¿½ and ï¿½newï¿½ paradigms of DC are compared and relevant policy approaches are surveyed. The main section deals with local knowledge and cultural contexts, and the various functions within a development situation as they relate to communication. In conclusion the importance of ""cultural translationï¿½ which is regarded as essential to effective DC, is highlighted.
Author S. BurtonSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 88 –96 (1998)More Less
This article offers some reflections on the state of development communication in South Africa, and suggests that closer attention needs to paid to the theoretical underpinnings of communication for development practices, the emerging institutional contexts and the capacity building that is required in a rapid change situation. It suggests that academics and practitioners need to find a middle way through the 'anything goes' and 'developmentalism' poles of the debate about how best to use communication for development, particularly in the light of the new Government Communications and Information Service and the Poverty and Inequality Report.
Using information and communication technologies (lCTs) for development at centres in rural communities: lessons learnedAuthor D.P. ConradieSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 97 –116 (1998)More Less
Literature on the use of information and communication technologies (lCTs) for developmental purposes at community centres refers to these centres in various ways, e.g. as telecentres, telecottages, community teleservice centres, telecommuting centres, and community technology centres. This article starts by examining this range of centres, and by descriptionbing the activities that typically occur at such centres throughout the world. An attempt is made to develop a typology of such centres. Of particular interest are community telecentres where lCTs are used to promote development in rural areas. This is followed by a list of lessons learned regarding using lCTs effectively for development purposes at rural telecentres. These lessons are illustrated through specific South African case studies involving lCT usage at rural telecentres.
Author A. Verwey, S. & CrystalSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 117 –142 (1998)More Less
Prior to the 1994 election, health care was a privilege enjoyed only by some sectors of the community. After the election health care was entrenched in the constitution through section 27(1) that states that everyone has a right to have access to health services. The challenge the ANC led government faces are to balance the maintenance of tertiary care service with the simultaneous upgrading of primary care services. The strategy adopted by the Department of Health is to regulate the industry and educate the public. Although this strategic approach is designed to promote and provide healthcare to all South Africans, it appears to be failing. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit the health status of South Africa is the poorest of all 27 countries measured. During the first two years of the new health care system many crises occurred. According to the Director General of Health, some of the crises were the result of the long neglect of apartheid while other crises relate directly to the lack of skill in communication. This article argues that improved communication at all levels is a necessary prerequisite if South Africa is to improve the health status of our population.
Author M. BurgerSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 143 –159 (1998)More Less
The new constitution links the duties of local governments to development, implying that the financial dilemma of local authorities caused by the culture of non-payment for municipal services should be seen in the light of the development-orientated situation in South Africa. As the failures of the authoritarian top-down development approach became evident, it is not a solution to remove the electricity cables of non-payers, neither is it a solution to modify behaviour only. The motivation behind a campaign aiming at correcting the situation should focus on the capacity building in the community, which is in line with participatory development and DSC thinking. This can only be done in a participatory situation, where information is released about the operations of the local authority, and the community is educated about the functions and processes taking place in the local authority. In a workshop situation, the needs of the community should be prioritised, in order to address those needs. It is believed that by understanding the various functions and operations of the local authority, attitudes of the community will change towards the local authority, and that such change might lead to a change in the culture of non-payment.
The socio-cultural contexts of development communication at the Tswaing Crater a South African case studyAuthor A. Malan, C.W. & GrossbergSource: Communicare : Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa 17, pp 160 –285 (1998)More Less
The main discussion on the process of development communication as a core component of a sustainable development project at the Tswaing Crater Museum near Pretoria. The article initially surveys some local studies and lessons learned in an effort to contextualise the Tswaing project. Various approaches, such as Participatory Communication, and Development Support Communication are discussed and related to communication structures for the project. New forces in democratisation have contributed to the crucial role of concepts such as participation, empowerment and emancipation. These approaches rely on normative goals and standards set by host communities in the development of a community's cultural identity, and act as a vehicle for people's self expression. Socio-cultural contexts of the developmental and communication process are therefore specifically discussed. Finally lessons learned provide a means of recommending possible solutions to development communication problems.