Against the background of the realist and expressionist film theories it is argued in this article that directors of films/videos on the environment should work in a more realistic style. The purpose should be to develop closer contact between the viewer and the environment. A brief descriptionption of realism and expressionism as two dominant styles in filmmaking and of Direct cinema and cinema vï¿½ritï¿½ is given, and the implications of these styles for the relationship image/environment are discussed.
In this article an attempt is made to examine cabaret, a sub-genre of drama, as an ""alternative"" communication transaction. Firstly, reference is made to the actual theatrical performance as two-way communication (vide, inter alia, Keir Elam) between a ""cluster"" of senders (= theatrical collaborators) and the receivers (= audience). The history of cabaret is related briefly, with special reference to certain conventions that were established in Paris (1881) and the Berlin cabaret of the Weimer Republic - e.g. cross-dressing and other shock tactics.
Language variety is a phenomenon which has enjoyed a great deal of attention in the Republic of South Africa during the past few decades. The aim of this paper is to concentrate more on possible similarities/universalia as strategy for improved Black-White communication within the heterogeneous Eastern Cape society of our country. The conclusion is reached that before the above objective can be realized, a greater show of respect for each other's uniqueness must be acquired and more attention must be given to the organizing of discourse.
This article deals with State President de Klerk's historic opening address before Parliament on 2 February 1990. The focus is on the speaker's ethos as essentially conceptualised by Aristotle in his Rhetoric, and as it has evolved in modem public speaking in the oratory setting. The evaluation is an exercise in rhetorical criticism based on the artistic standard and neo-Aristotelian approach. Both verbal and non-verbal messages are considered. The author concludes that Mr De Klerk's display of ethos was credible insofar as he conveyed expertness (intelligence), trustworthiness and good will during the speech. In fact, given the principles of (Western) democratic politics, no South African State President or Prime Minister has ever reached out with so much apparent good will to the vast majority of South Africans.
Social scientists have by and large alienated the rest of society from science, and in this process have removed themselves from the daily mundane matters and demands of social life, through the theoretical objectification of society. People constituting society, on the other hand, are subjectively engaged in everyday social life. In its application of objective theory, science fails to share meaning with human beings who find meaning in terms of subjective experience. This article pursues the notion that perception plays a crucial part in communication; that perception is shaped by experience; and that experience is historically and situationally specific. Objective theory, being a deliberate attempt to transcend specific instances of subjective experiences both in time and place, is incompatible with the contingency inherent in subjective experience. In trying to say too much by encompassing too much of mankind, objective theory has very little to say to people in real situations.
Communicare encourages the scientific debate. Our last contribution is published in response to the artlcle of Tomaselli & Louw in 9(1), who questioned some of the predictions regarding post-apartheid media in an earlier article by the author published in 8(1).