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- Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research
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- Volume 25, Issue 1_2, 1999
Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research - Volume 25, Issue 1_2, 1999
Volume 25, Issue 1_2, 1999
Author Jan Van den BulckSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 3 –11 (1999)More Less
Author Fanie De BeerSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 12 –14 (1999)More Less
Author Leo Van AudenhoveSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 15 –27 (1999)More Less
The African information society : an analysis of the information and communication technology policy of the World Bank, ITU and ECA : information and communication technologySource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 28 –41 (1999)More Less
The social responsibilities of information systems developers : information and communication technologyAuthor N.F. Du PlooySource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 42 –52 (1999)More Less
The social responsibilities of information systems developers are discussed against the background that information systems are social systems rather than technical systems. The notion of a human environment for the adoption and use of information systems is developed in order to show the importance of understanding this environment before the question of the social responsibility of information systems developers can even be addressed.
Author Jerry WilbornSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 53 –57 (1999)More Less
Communication technology and development : can South Africa afford the information explosion? : information and communication technologyAuthor Annelie M.E. NaudeSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 58 –64 (1999)More Less
We are living in a world where the availability of information can make you, or the lack of it can break you. The 'information explosion', as it is sometimes called, has already changed our lives. How this affects us, and changes our environment, our economy and our lives is a fascinating issue. But does it affect everyone? Is there a possibility that some communities can be left in the dark without the availability of these masses of information? <br>In South Africa some major changes are taking place at the moment. It could be argued that while South Africa tries to erase the remains of apartheid and rebuild the country, the rest of the world has 'quietly' moved into the information age. A development problem in South Africa concerns the disparities among the different communities. There is still a significant difference between the information-rich, a small minority, and the information-poor, the majority of the population. <br>This article first describes the situation in South Africa with regard to Internet availability and accessibility and secondly gives a broad overview of the theoretical assumptions underlying computer-mediated communication from a communication sciences perspective. In conclusion, specific questions on the topic for future research in communication sciences are proposed in general and applied to conditions in South Africa as a developing country.
Communication, technology and less developed countries' economic development : information and communication technologyAuthor Bolanie A. OlaniranSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 65 –72 (1999)More Less
The significant contribution of communication technology in the current global economic trend has been widely reported in the literature. However, the growth and realisation of potential benefits of communication technology, such as computer-mediated communication (CMC) have been limited for the less developed countries (LDCs). This article explores the role of CMC and the need for the technology in the economic development of LDCs. Specifically, the article examines the benefits of CMC in the area of telework, identifies challenges, and discusses techniques for implementing telework and CMC in LDCs along with the potential socio-cutural impact of implementing the necessary changes.
Participatory small-group communication as a medium for information campaigns in KwaZulu-Natal : development communicationAuthor Mariekie BurgerSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 88 –94 (1999)More Less
The paradigm shift from top-down to participatory development has serious communication implications. Instead of using the mass media (especially radio) to carry development messages, the use of face-to-face communication is implied. This approach gives commu- nities the opportunity to enter into a dialogue with the development facilitator, resulting in a co-ownership of development, which is believed to lead to sustainable development. This case study shows that small group communication is preferable to radio in carrying development messages - a preference stemming from the dialogical nature of small-group communication. Small-group discussions or workshops should be facilitated by knowledgeable people on the development topic under discussion. It was also found that the more rural and lower the formal school education level of the respondents in this region, the higher they valued face-to-face communication. This case study also indicates that the composition of small groups for discussion sessions should be according to the gender divide and to a lesser extent according to age groups. Younger and older males prefer to be grouped separately, whilst the age divide plays a lesser role in the female groups in this region.
Die paradigmaverskuiwing vanaf 'n afwaartse na 'n deelnemende ontwikkelingsbenadering hou ernstige implikasies vir die kommunikasieproses in. In plaas van die massamedia (veral radio) as draer van ontwikkelingsboodskappe, word die gebruik van aangesig-tot-aangesig- kommunikasie geïmpliseer. Hierdie benadering gee gemeenskappe die geleentheid om in 'n dialoog met die ontwikkelingsfasiliteerder te tree, met die gevolg dat hulle mede-eienaarskap van ontwikkeling neem. Daar word geglo dat dit tot voortgesette ontwikkeling sal lei. Hierdie gevallestudie dui aan dat kleingroepkommunikasie bo radio as draer van ontwikkelingsboodskappe verkies word, aangesien kleingroepkommunikasie dialogies van aard is. Sulke besprekings of werkwinkels moet deur 'n kenner op die betrokke ontwikkelingsonderwerp gefasiliteer word. Daar is ook gevind dat hoe meer plattelands en laer die formele skoolopleiding van die respondente in hierdie gebied is, hoe meer waarde heg hulle aan aangesig-tot- aangesigkommunikasie. Hierdie gevallestudie dui verder aan dat die komposisie van kleingroepe vir besprekingsessies gedoen moet word deur die geslagte te skei en tot 'n mindere mate deur die ouderdomsgroepe in ag te neem. Jonger en ouer mans verkies om aparte groepe te vorm, terwyl die ouderdomsgrens tussen vroue in hierdie gebied 'n kleiner rol speel.
Author Nirvana BechanSource: Communicatio : South African Journal of Communication Theory and Research 25, pp 95 –104 (1999)More Less
I attempt to provide an analysis and evaluation of SAfm as a public service broadcaster. A public service broadcaster is entrusted with the task of informing, educating and entertaining the public in an objective, holistic and impartial manner. The duty of public service broadcasters is to empower their audiences in terms of helping them understand their contexts and democratic rights. The findings of this report reveal that the station is established on hierarchical, bureaucratic structures whereby policy makers determine the structure and programming schedules of the station to match the needs and interests of a hypothetical audience. There is a great deal of tension between those in administrative and management positions and the actual production staff. The production staff at SAfm seem to be geared towards contextualising their programmes, while administrators and managers are convinced that SAfm is a nation-building station. They go so far as to impose a national identity on the public. This is purely idealistic as the real conditions of the South African public are not taken into account in a fully contextualised manner. This condition is severely limiting in terms of promoting and understanding cultural diversity and creativity in society. The station focuses almost exclusively on national issues, leaders and celebrities. There is no provision for promoting local cultures and issues which in reality have greater relevance to the lives of the majority of South Africans. SAfm has a serious shortage of staff and for this reason research cannot be carried out at full capacity. Local events are often neglected because the station is weak on contextualising various local stories. Research facilities need to be drastically improved and more well-trained staff from a variety of diverse contexts need to be employed in order to handle this crisis.