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- Volume 18, Issue 09, 2014
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary - Volume 18, Issue 09, 2014
Volumes & issues
Volume 18, Issue 09, 2014
Author Dan LioySource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 18, pp 2 –34 (2014)More Less
A primary goal of this journal article is to explore how Satan (especially through his minions) strives to undermine the will of the Saviour (particularly through his followers). A correspondent aim is to deliberate how to oppose the devil's attacks. One major finding is that Lucifer uses spurious forms of verbal communication to tempt, deceive, and accuse people, including believers. Also, Satan's decision to operate in this way is a deliberate perversion of how God used his powerful, creative decree to bring the entire universe into existence and sustain it in all its manifold wonder. A case study analysis of Jesus' temptation in the wilderness (cf. Matt 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-11) indicates that he relied on the Word of God to thwart the devil's attacks. Similarly, an examination of Ephesians 6:10-20 (the premier Pauline passage dealing with the subject of spiritual warfare) shows that Jesus' followers should make full use of scripture to parry the attacks made by Satan, the counterfeit word.
The nature of Christ in the Valentinian sources from the Nag Hammadi Library and its relationship with the fourth gospelSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 18, pp 35 –58 (2014)More Less
This article analyses the nature of Christ in the Valentinian Sources from the Nag Hammadi Library and its relationship with the fourth gospel. Both the origin of Christ and the human and spiritual components of the nature of Christ are included. While the Valentinian Sources include both a heavenly and earthly origin and spiritual and human components of the nature of Christ, the earthly seems to be continually qualified in some way. At the same time, the Valentinian myth, through which the Valentinians filter their theology, demands an incarnation at some level. This tension between the spiritual and human Christ is analysed in order to better understand the development and variation of the nature of Christ in Valentinian theology.
Wealth and poverty in Luke's gospel and Acts in terms of Brewer's analysis and its challenge for today's churchSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 18, pp 59 –78 (2014)More Less
In recent times, there has been a great deal of controversy surrounding the issue of wealth and poverty. The article describes the Lukan theology of wealth and poverty in the Gospel of Luke and Acts in terms of Brewer's analysis and indicates its implications for today's Church and the individual Christian. In terms of Brewer's analysis, the Gospel of Luke focuses largely on the condition of the poor, the way that God views poverty, the attitudes, actions and teachings of Jesus relating to the poor, and his warnings regarding their abuse and neglect. Brewer's analysis of the Book of Acts reveals that Luke seeks to exemplify the theological principles found in his gospel in the circumstances and responses of the Early Church. When one applies the Lukan theological concepts to the present day, it can be concluded that the church has a particular obligation to acknowledge and address the problem of poverty effectively.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 18, pp 79 –94 (2014)More Less
A textual analysis of the word diakrinō in Acts 11:12 was undertaken to establish whether the verse contradicts the theory that Jewish and Gentile believers in Jesus remain distinct in a theologically significant manner, as some English translations imply. The study finds no clear evidence in the text to sustain the translation that there is 'no distinction' between the two. Diakrinō in Acts 11:12 is very unlikely to denote distinction in the sense of differentiation, and even less likely to indicate wavering or doubting on account of the distinction which observant Jews like Peter made between fellow Jews and Gentiles. Instead, diakrinō in this text is most likely intended to denote contestation or dispute: Peter was told to obey without dispute, not without making distinction between Gentiles and Jews.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 18, pp 95 –135 (2014)More Less
Two contradictory views of the 'one new man' metaphor in Ephesians 2:15 are presented, one arguing that it denies any distinction between Jewish and Gentile Jesus-believers, and the other insisting that it confirms the theory of intra-ecclesial Jew-Gentile distinction. This paper explores the meaning of the 'one new man' with special attention to the question of making distinction between Jews and Gentiles within the ekkl?sia. The study focuses in turn on each of the three keywords in the metaphor, reviewing their meaning and use in the canon and providing some theological commentary alongside. Supply of the phrase, 'in place of', in some translations is evaluated. Internal evidence in the form of personal pronouns is examined to determine whether it sustains or contradicts distinction theory. The study concludes unequivocally that the 'one new man' in Ephesians 2:15 is a composite unity of Jews and Gentiles who retain their ethnic identities even after spiritual regeneration in Christ. The classification of individuals as believers or unbelievers in Jesus does not erase the biblical distinction between Israel and the nations, even within the ekkl?sia. The mixed usage of personal pronouns in Ephesians confirms this finding. To assert that the 'one new man' is created 'in place of' Jews and Gentiles is therefore misleading. Major theological implications include the validation of Jewish tradition and practice among Jewish Jesus-believers, and their recognition as the living connection between the nations and Israel. The peace Christ made by creating Jew and Gentile in himself into 'one new man' is currently most evident in Messianic Jewish synagogues where members of each party worship together and have table fellowship in unity, whilst retaining their own distinctive faith traditions.
Una Eclesiología de Cuidado en la Misión Urbana: La Capellanía de Prisión y los Derechos Humanos Según el Evangelio de CristoAuthor Angela DuriganSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 18, pp 137 –153 (2014)More Less
Esta disertación hace un estudio analítico de los derechos humanos en la vida de los encarcelados, que son cuidados a través de la Capellanía de Prisión del Proyecto SOS Dramas Familiares, bajo dos diferentes dimensiones: el humanismo y el cristianismo. Involucrando los derechos humanos en Brasil, la iglesia como lugar de refugio e seguridad, la realidad de la evangelización en las prisiones brasileñas y lo qué hacen las iglesias en ese contexto. Este proyecto, con visión de misión urbana y el discipulado, se involucró en la misión de cuidar de la vida de otros y siempre que posible, ayudarlos con sus derechos. En el caso de los encarcelados, sus derechos humanos son respetados cuando se les trata como ciudadanos y no como escoria de la sociedad. Todo ser humano tiene derechos y deberes, pero debe ser consciente de ellos a vivir en paz en la sociedad donde está ubicado.
An ecclesiology of care in the urban mission : the prison chaplaincy and the human rights according to the Gospel of Christ
This dissertation makes an analytical study of the human rights in the life of the prisoners, who are cared through the Prison Chaplaincy of SOS Family Dramas Project, under two different dimensions: the humanism and the Christianity. Involving the human rights in Brazil, the church as a place of refuge and safety, the reality of evangelization in Brazilian prisons and what churches do in this context. This project, with a vision of urban mission and discipleship, became involved in the mission of taking care of the life of others and whenever possible, help them with their rights. In the prisoner's case, their human rights are respected when they are treated as citizens and not as scourge of the society. All human being has rights and duties, but must be aware of them to live in peace in the society where it is located.