The Constitution - Volume 6, Issue 3, 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3, 2006
Author M.S.** Emordi, E.C.* & AuduSource: The Constitution 6, pp 1 –32 (2006)More Less
This article evaluates with historical brevity the attempts at political engineering by the Nigerian political elite. It argues that such attempts have left much to be desired as good governance, which places the welfare of the citizens of a country above any personal desires, has never been put in place in Nigeria since 1966. It further argues that the militarys popular slogan of coming to salvage the country is because of the gullible nature of the populace and the absence of the rule of law in Nigeria as demonstrated by the various attempts at tenure elongation by successive regimes including the civilians. The article concludes that only by entrenching nation-building goals and popular participation in the process can the quest for tenure elongation by the political elites be banished from the polity.
Author Akhakpe IghodaloSource: The Constitution 6, pp 33 –56 (2006)More Less
Nigeria s Fourth Republic is at political crossroads. This is as a result of the ambition of some politicians who desire amendment to the constitution in order to serve their parochial interest. The recently defeated tenure elongation quest by the president and governors has posed, perhaps, the greatest challenge to the nascent democracy in Nigeria. This article examines the aforementioned phenomenon. It argues that the third term bid has brought to the fore the problems of political succession and the deepening of constitutionalism in the countrys- democratisation process. While underscoring the efforts of the political class at ensuring the failure of the third term bid, the article calls on them to further ensure that the present democratic dispensation survives by reversing to 'true federalism' under a purposeful leadership that would ensure that good governance prevails in Nigeria through promotion of social democracy.
Author J.Shola OmotolaSource: The Constitution 6, pp 57 –77 (2006)More Less
This paper interrogates the third term agenda, its defeat and implications for Nigerias democracy. After a review of the basic motivations, twists and intrigues of the agenda, the paper argues that the agenda has further pushed Nigerias democracy to the crossroad), where it is caught between democratic and antidemocratic forces. The path chosen today, the paper contends, will have significant implications for Nigerias democracy in the years ahead For this reason, the paper argues that the ""victory for democracy"" thesis that has largely been used to express the defeat of the agenda should not be over celebrated Rather, all democratic forces in the struggle should intensify their efforts to tame the likely negative consequences of the defeat for the ongoing politics of succession. The main challenges and opportunities before them are to pull forces together to challenge the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and capture power from it in 2007 and also to revisit the question of constitution review in an open, transparent, and participatory fashion. Efforts should also be made to facilitate political party reform with emphasis on internal party democracy and adequate regulation for party finances, and the generation, nurturing and consolidation of a democratic political culture and citizenship receptive to democratic ideals and ethos. These require a sustainable regime of social mobilisation and value re-orientation by all stakeholders in the democratisation process. In this regard, the role of the civil society, the press and the opposition parties would be invaluable.
Author Akin OyebodeSource: The Constitution 6, pp 78 –85 (2006)More Less
This article re-examines the role and place of the press within the yet unfolding scenario and whiplash of the third term agenda (TTA) of the Nigerian President, Obasanjo. After a review of the responsibility of and state of the Nigerian press, the paper highlights the opposition that the press, would necessarily face from the"" sword"" in form of political intolerance. obscurantism and arbitrariness. For this reason, the write up stresses that the press must not only become a willing ally of the masses by uncovering anti-populist machinations of the government and disseminating the truth as it evinced in the third term agenda, it must maintain a central role devoid of fear, replete with greater commitment and social consciousness.
Author Amen UhunmwanghoSource: The Constitution 6, pp 86 –103 (2006)More Less
This article critiques the language and media discourse on the Third Term agenda. Its methodology is a combination of both quantitative and qualitative styles, giving the reader a grasp of the markers of perspective in the conflict, discourse and reportage on the recently failed attempt to amend the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria, to prolong the tenure President Olusegun Obasanjo, among other provisions. 1t defines the key concepts that underline media discourse theories, and its correlation to the authors analysis on the 'third term' politics, language use and conflicts in the Nigerian print media. By highlighting, the contending elements involved. 1t surveys the presentation and contestation of the discourse, partisan politics, and its articulation in the combative language of we and them. It is interdisciplinary in slant, especially its adoption of Foucaultian pattern in examining the discourse both in non-linguistic expression, like semiotic flagging with: objects, attributes, activities, etc. next to strictly textual and conversational language. The article concludes by underlining the one-sidedness of the analysis in its focus on the anti-third term perspectives. This is however excusable on the grounds that those who aired their support for tenure elongation lacked the political muscle to fully account for their perspectives.
Author Sylvester Odion-AkhaineSource: The Constitution 6, pp 104 –119 (2006)More Less
This article analyses the external dimension, especially the diplomacy involved in the whole process of trying to ram through the national parliament, a tenure extension by President Olusegun Obasanjo and his quislings in government It examines the activities of the social forces that were involved in the tenure elongation project, It argues that there were good reasons for such a diplomatic engagement with Nigeria, It further argues that due to the interplay of diplomacy, countervailing measures availed to scuttle the third agenda. It concludes by emphasising the point that though the international community was forthcoming in the struggle against the third agenda, the intra-class split was most decisive for the defeat of the third term agenda.