n Journal for Contemporary History - "The invisible hand" : the roots of black economic empowerment, Sankorp and societal change in South Africa, 1985-2000




The political changes in South Africa following the decision by the ruling National Party of former President FW de Klerk, to unban political organisations such as the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan African Congress (PAC) as well as their leaders, had been preceded by efforts of business to adapt to the changing global environment. Negotiations with respect to political transformation and the facilitation of a new black majority government, cannot solely be interpreted as a political process.


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