n Journal for Contemporary History - "The invisible hand" : the roots of black economic empowerment, Sankorp and societal change in South Africa, 1985-2000

Volume 28, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



The political changes in South Africa following the decision by the ruling National Party of former President FW de Klerk, to unban political organisations such as the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan African Congress (PAC) as well as their leaders, had been preceded by efforts of business to adapt to the changing global environment. Negotiations with respect to political transformation and the facilitation of a new black majority government, cannot solely be interpreted as a political process.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error