Journal for Contemporary History - Volume 28, Issue 2, 2003
Volume 28, Issue 2, 2003
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 28 (2003)More Less
Militêre geskiedenis vorm 'n integrale deel van die Geskiedenis-as-wetenskap. Wêreldwyd word feitlik daagliks boeke gepubliseer wat oor een of ander militêre tema handel, en talle akademiese en ander tydskrifte wat hul op militêre geskiedenis toespits, verskyn op 'n gereelde grondslag. In Julie 1943 het die Duitse Wehrmacht hul omvangryke Operasie Zitadelle in die omgewing van Kursk (in die destydse Sowjet-Unie) van stapel gestuur in 'n desperate poging om die oorlogsgety weer in hul guns te laat swaai. Wat gevolg het was enersyds die grootste tenkslag tot op datum, en andersyds 'n mislukte Duitse veldtog.
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 1 –14 (2003)More Less
Operation Zitadelle (Citadel), the German attack on the Kursk salient on 5 July 1943, constituted the final attempt by the German Army to retain its operational initiative on the Eastern Front. The Russians knew that the Kursk salient was a great temptation to the German Army. The German General Staff's classic reaction to an enemy promontory, an enemy -held outpost stretching beyond the general run of the front line, had always been to pinch the promontory off by attacking each of its flanks simultaneously. This was precisely what the Germans did at Kursk when Field Marshall HG von Kluge attacked the salient from the north, while Lieutenant-General FE von Manstein struck it from the south.
Author Leopold ScholtzSource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 15 –44 (2003)More Less
The Battle of Kursk 60 years ago in what is today the independent republic of theUkraine was, from the German side, an abomination. Just about every rule ofarmoured warfare was broken by the attackers. They had by their actions advertisedtheir intention to attack for weeks (although the Russians also got wind of itthrough their spy system). They made no attempt to hide their preparations, thepoints they were intending to attack, nor the approximate time it would take place.
Author T.D. PotgieterSource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 45 –65 (2003)More Less
War and its impact on society are a central theme in the history of humanity and are omnipresent in our world. We are all affected by it and war has presented us with some of the most haunting and destructive images in the history of humanity. Battles are dramatic events experienced very intensely on a personal as well as on a national level for many years after it had taken place.
Die Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag se optrede tydens Operasie Savannah - relevant of 'n noodsaaklike ergernis?Source: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 66 –80 (2003)More Less
Operation Savannah, in Angola, which lasted from October 1975 to March 1976, was the first big military operation in which armed forces from South Africa took part since World War II and the Korean War. The operation started with light armoured units, as well as elements of infantry and parachute troops. It quickly became apparent that this type of operation, conducted without the active support of the SAAF, would be doomed to failure on a grand scale. With this the foundation for cooperation between the ground forces and the airforce within the South African Defence Forces was cemented.
Die Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag se aandeel in die militêre optrede tydens die Suid-Afrikaanse Weermag se aanval op Cassinga, 4 Mei 1978Source: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 81 –96 (2003)More Less
On 4 May 1978, the SADF launched a military attack on Cassinga, in the South of Angola, which was a base for the military wing of SWAPO. In what would later be described as a successful parachute operation, elements of the SADF had attacked and conquered the military base. This article will examine to what extent this operation would still have been possible without the active participation of the South African Airforce. The conclusion reached is that the role of the South African Airforce was crucial and that without their participation, the operation would have been predestined to utter failure.
The final phase of South African transborder operations into Angola : Regiment Mooi River and Operations Modular, Hooper, Packer and Displace (Handbag), 1978-1988Author G.J.J. OosthuizenSource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 97 –106 (2003)More Less
Various national and international factors resulted in South African transborder operations in Angola. The retaining of South West Africa (Namibia), which was entrusted as a C-mandate territory to the mandatary South Africa in 1918, and the "communist danger" may be presented as the primary reasons for this.
Author G.C. KwhelaSource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 107 –123 (2003)More Less
Prior to independence, on 11 November, 1975, the prospective Angolan government under the leadership of the MPLA (Movimento Popular de Libertaçaõ de Angola) was under continuous attack from the FNLA (Frente Nacional de Libertaçaõ de Angola) and UNITA (Uniaõ Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola).
Author Rialize FerreiraSource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 124 –152 (2003)More Less
Since the termination of the twenty-three year Border War between South West Africa/Namibia and Angola in April 1989, and the demise of apartheid rule in 1992, far-reaching changes have been made to the former South African defence system. During 1990 officers involved in the war had to be reintegrated into the organizational structure of the South African Army (SA Army), a subsystem of the former South African Defence Force (SADF).
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 153 –167 (2003)More Less
On the eve of the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902), Great Britain was the world's only superpower. The British Empire possessed colonies right across the globe, and the Royal Navy was unchallenged on the world's oceans. The British Army had a permanent force strength of 249 466 (all ranks) - including 125 105 soldiers stationed in the United Kingdom, 73 157 in India, and 51 204 in the other colonies.
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 168 –189 (2003)More Less
In a previous article the British view of a war in South Africa was discussed, including the way in which problems with regard to military intelligence affected this view and hampered preparations with regard to the coming war. In this article three other aspects typical of the British Army in 1899 will be analyzed, namely the conflict between the military and political leaders, financial problems, and the problem of reinforcements, i.e. manpower shortages.
Author Liz StanleySource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 190 –213 (2003)More Less
Black people's part in the South African War, and also the existence of the black concentration camps, have received research attention since the 1970s. Most recently this has developed in two broad directions, one focusing on the black camps around the view that previous work "has greatly underplayed... [black people's] sufferings in the refugee camps", and the other on various African peoples and their involvement in and uses of the war, emphasising that "locality is an important factor in the way... [the war] was perceived and fought by black people...". Both have produced interesting published work. However, these two strands have developed largely separately from each other, with unintended consequences: it leaves the so-called 'burgher camps' being seen as white; and it fails fully to recognise that factors noted in different localities (increases in wage levels and in prices for agricultural produce, and increased demand for labour in a wide range of military, railway and harbour employment) were actually much wider phenomena.
Author F. VreySource: Journal for Contemporary History 28, pp 214 –236 (2003)More Less
The purpose of Futures Studies is threefold: To discover or invent, examine and evaluate, and propose possible, probable and preferable futures. This triad of purposes is primarily addressed via futures research of which the essence is to generate alternative futures as choices for decision-makers. It is within the idea of alternatives, it can be argued, that the purpose of Futures Studies find meaning. This in turn raises the difficulty of clarifying the future and therefore the practice of rather presenting it as alternatives than a rigid prediction.